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◈ 윤치호일기 (1891년) ◈

◇ 5월 ◇

해설목차  1권  2권  3권  4권  5권 6권  7권  8권  9권  10권  11권  윤치호

1. 5월 1일 (음 3월 23일)

1
1st. (三月二十三). Friday. Fine-hot-cloudy late a.m.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
The life of an ordinary mortal is indeed a vanity. He lives, it may be. 3 score yrs and 10; but no sooner he dies than he is forgotten. This thought often makes me sad-worse still, it makes me heartily despise myself and others. There are two ways to get out of this foolishness: either by cutting short this vanity by selftermination or by making best of the life as it is. The midway between these is a wretched thing.
 

2. 5월 2일 (음 3월 24일)

1
2nd. (二十四). Saturday. Fine-hot.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
In the afternoon, on my way to town, I happened to pass by George's-the negro waiter-house. Being asked I went into the room-very neat one. Here I, for the first time in my life, shook hand with a colored lady-George's newly married wife. He, in her presence, asked me with evident pride and joy, how I liked the looks of his wife! I politely declined to answer by saying it was a very delicate question. She had rather handsome features. She seemed to have attended Central Col.-a negro school under the charge of M.E. Ch. N.
4
At 8 p.m. with Yosh. and Porse went to Dr. Price's College to attend the annual meeting of the Young Ladies' Miss. Society. The Society has 76 members representing 7 denominations. The annual collection was reported to have been $60.00. The ladies, with the help of Dr. Price, have this year founded a scholarship for a lady preparing for a mission field. God bless this Society and its beautiful members!
5
Came home at 10:30.
 

3. 5월 3일 (음 3월 25일)

1
3rd. (二十五). Sunday.
 
2
Fair-hot.
3
This morning meet Hal Peoples. he brought two boxes of flowers sent me for his little sister Annie. What cheer these little flowers give to a lonely heart!
4
Attended W.E. S.S. Worshiped in the Second Presbyterian Ch. on Col. Str. The sanctuary is located in a very tough part of the town.
5
Spent the afternoon in reading the Review. The Baptist work among the Karens was an inspiring theme to read about. Let the unbeliever say what he may, the heathen world-especially the darker part of it-owes to the messengers of our Savior Christ a debt that can never be estimated in dollars and cents.
6
Hal slept with me.
 

4. 5월 4일 (음 3월 26일)

1
4th. (二十六). Monday. Fair-pleasant.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Wandering thoughts:
4
1. Let religion seek the poor, and the rich seek religion.
5
2. A young lady with light steps and nimble movement needs not as much help in going up and down staircases as an old one. Yet while Miss Florence or any other young lady generally has one, two, often three boys to help her down to, or up from the dining room, Mrs. Cornwall, old and crippled has nobody except the banister to assist her. Is this fair?
6
3. Our hymn book has nearly 300 of C. Wesley's hymns. With a fair number of exceptions, I don't like the majority of his sacred songs.-They seem to me "too theological," as Spencer expresses it. Where there is dogmatic theology, dryness is inevitable.
7
4. My sentimentalism, especially in regard to the fair, is something like that of Rousseau.
8
5. Nothing is easier than to win my affection. A kind word. a sweet smile, a gentle touch will do it.
 

5. 5월 5일 (음 3월 27일)

1
5th. (二十七). Tuesday. Fine-cool all the morning-so much so as to make fire comfortable-cold night.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Wrote to Dr. Allen.
 

6. 5월 6일 (음 3월 28일)

1
6th. (二十八). Wednesday. Fair-cold especially in the morning and the night.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Talked to Dr. Coke Smith concerning my desire of travelling this summer. He approved it and promised to help me.
 

7. 5월 7일 (음 3월 29일)

1
7th. (二十九). Thursday. Fair-cold.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
This morning the Chancellor said in the chapel to the boys, "Young gentlemen, should any of you become a shoe black, I hope you will try to excel all your competitors in shining."
4
Wandering thoughts:
5
1. "One butterfly can not make a summer." Neither can one good quality or one bad trait make a good or a bad character.
6
2. No sin is greater in a nation than weakness and poverty.
 

8. 5월 8일 (음 4월 1일)

1
8th. (四月初一). Friday. Fair and cold.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Wandering thoughts:
4
1. Prejudice stronger than reason. Dr. Baskerville, though he acknowledges the necessity of the Civil War, rejoices at the abolition of the Southern Slavery, and laughs at the State-right or Secession theory-though he thinks the War proved, in the whole, beneficial to the Union. yet he says that he could not have the coolness enough to read the history of the War. Dr. Smith once said in my hearing that, though he had read and enjoyed all of Dicken's novels, his patriotic stomach could not digest D.'s "American Notes." Compare with these the fact that, With all my enthusiasm for Macaulay, I can not well bear to read his masterly essay on Hasting, such being my prejudice against H. and England.
5
2. The atmosphere of a fashional society in which nothing but girls, concerts, soloes and duets are talked about is exceedingly depressing and enervating. I wonder how a manly, fresh and vigorous character can live and thrive in such an atmosphere.
6
At 8:30 the boys of the University turned out en mass to welcome J. Washington Moore at the Union Depot. The occasion of this enthusiasm was that J.W.M. carried off the medal in the Interstate Intercollegiate Orat. Contest lately held in Va. From the Depot. the hero, seated in a brett drawn by 4 magnificent horses, was escorted by a long procession of cheering and shouting boys, We marched two and two, led by a brass band. Thro Church then Spruce into Broad the procession of gold-and-black moved on. As t drew near the campus, peals after peals of cannonade thundered joyful salutes. We then went around the principal buildings on the campus. From the front of the Main building. J.W.M. was carried into the chapel on the shoulders of several boys. There after a welcome address by Dr. Smith the crowd was invited to W.H. Icecream, strawberry and cakes were served out to the hoarse multitude in ample quantity. Cooled and filled we parted at about 11 p.m.
7
The recipient of this honor is a graceful speaker. If scholarship, refinement, popularity, personal magnetism and eloquence prophesy a bright future, then a brilliant career awaits J.W.M.
 

9. 5월 9일 (음 4월 2일)

1
9th. (初二). Saturday. Fine, warm.
 
2
Recit. usual. Felt weary.
 

10. 5월 10일 (음 4월 3일)

1
10th. (初三). Sunday. Fine, hot.
 
2
Attended W.E. S.S. Then went to McKend. Ch. to hear Dr. Kelly preach.
3
On the way home, stepped into the colored Bapt. Chapel. What a contrast between this and McK! Two extremes-one poor, ignorant, crude; the other rich. polished, fashionable.
4
At 8 p.m. with Yoshioka went to the colored Bapt. Ch. A full congregation, mostly women. Some points of interest in their worship:-
5
1. The singing is done by the leader giving out the words of each verse. The burden and the time of the song-melancholy and mournful-are well suited to touch and arouse the emotion of a emotional people smarting under wrong, contempt and prejudice. The tune reminds me of the harvest or field-song of Southern Corea.
6
2. The preaching is carried on by 3 or more "brethereng" in succession. No text, no logic, no rhetoric, no grammar. The sermon is simply a string of inarticulate sound and articulate nonsense seasoned with Script. quotations or allusions taken from all the books of the Bible, Gen., Dan., Psm., St. John's Gospel, Timothy, and what not.
7
3. The “brethereng" seemed to be very strong Baptists. One man in prayer said. "Lord, I thank you for you have created me a Baptist." Another brother in his argument for baptism by immersion said "In the beginning when God created heaven and earth, the Spirit of God moved in the water." "Of dust God formed the first man and when He breathed life thro the man's nostril, it was baptist that went in." "Do you believe in call? He that does not believe in call, dose not believe in God."
8
4. The audience is very responsive. At every word of the sermon, the old men and young women nod or laugh or shout or shriek, or say "Yes" or "No" etc. Three women, one after another, got up, danced and fainted or seemed to faint. The subject of such excitement had to be held by two or more "Holders." When a woman got over dancing and fainting she went round shaking hands, embracing and kissing.
9
5. Collection. Each person went to the table and put on it a dime or a nickle.
10
Came home about quarter to ten.
 

11. 5월 11일 (음 4월 4일)

1
11th. (初四). Monday. Cloudy and so cold as to make fire feel comfortable.
 
2
Recit. usual.
 

12. 5월 12일 (음 4월 5일)

1
12th. (初五). Tuesday. Fine-cold-cloudy-p.m.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
The chapter on "Indian Empire" in the 19th cent. of McKenzie, is very interesting. England is the school master of India and all her subject countries. So is America, of the Negro and the Indian. The ultimate betterment of the whole race is end of Providence. The follies and crimes committed by the strong against the weak in training the latter for self government ought to be looked at as necessary evils unavoidable in such a gigantic work, considering the human nature as it is.
 

13. 5월 13일 (음 4월 6일)

1
13th. (初六). Wednesday. Misty in the early morning-cold. windy.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
The "Acts of Apostles" reads like a romance, so interesting it is, I love and admire Paul's character. He is so strong yet so gentle; so proud, yet so meek; so zealous yet so wise; so learned yet so humble. He is a "perfect gentleman."
 

14. 5월 14일 (음 4월 7일)

1
14th. (初七). Thursday. Fair-very cool in the morning.
 
2
Recit. usual.
 

15. 5월 15일 (음 4월 8일)

1
15th. (初八). Friday. Fair and hot.
 
2
Field-day therefore a holiday. I wish I had money to spare; I would then go to the sports.
3
At 10 a.m. went to Thuss, the photographer, and had my picture taken.
4
Unexpectedly Ed. Winfield. gave me a$1.00 membership ticket to the Athletic sports. Whether the ticket was the gift of his own or of somebody else's I heartily thank the giver.
5
At 2 went to Sulphur Spring Park and enjoyed the Fieldday exercises. In baseball game V.U. was beaten by C.U.
6
Went to bed early.
 

16. 5월 16일 (음 4월 9일)

1
16th. Saturday. Fair-hot.
 
2
Morning recit. usual.
3
At 2:30 went to the Park to see the baseball game between V.U. and C.U. The latter again won the day.
 

17. 5월 17일 (음 4월 10일)

1
17th. (初十). Sunday. Fine, hot, lovely evening.
 
2
No S.S. this morning on account of the death of the son of Mr. Henrix, the superintendent of W.E. S.S. Worshiped in First Presbyterian Ch. where Rev. Ibuka(井深) , a Japanese Christian preached.
3
In the night, read a Jap. Christian paper. Enjoyed the intelligent answers of the Japanese ministers to the question "What are the causes of the standstill of the Japanese church during last year? Some of the principal causes given were:-
4
1. Political excitements.
5
2. Religious reaction in favor of the old national faiths, Buddhism and Shintoism.
6
3. Theological controversies shaking the simple faith of ministers and members.
7
4. Mere moral and literary lectures instead of gospel preaching.
8
5. The comparative peace and liberty of the church producing carelessness and indifference.
 

18. 5월 18일 (음 4월 11일)

1
18th. (十一). Monday. Rained a.m.-cloudy and cool p.m.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Seven Gables is a most interesting and instructive reading.
 

19. 5월 19일 (음 4월 12일)

1
19th. (十二). Tuesday. Cloudy most of the day.
 
2
Recit. usual.
 

20. 5월 20일 (음 4월 13일)

1
20th. (十三). Wednesday. Cloudy and very cool a.m.-fair p.m.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
At 2 p.m. Bish. Fitzgerald lectured to the junior English class on Nath. Hawth. The lecture was full of wit. Bish. F. admired H.'s Marble F. most enthusiastically.
 

21. 5월 21일 (음 4월 14일)

1
21th. (十四). Thursday. Cool and cloudy.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Tired of the bull-doggism of Drs. T. and Bemis who carry long recit. up to the very last day of the session.
4
"What and how shall I do during the vacation?" has been a question that agitated me today. Spencer advised me to travel.
 

22. 5월 22일 (음 4월 15일)

1
22nd. (十五). Friday. Fine most of the day.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Had a very poor sleep last night on account of the strong ice tea drunk at supper and the dancing racket the boys made between 10:30 and 12.
 

23. 5월 23일 (음 4월 16일)

1
23rd. (十六). Saturday. Fair-hot.
 
2
Got up at 4:30. Breakfasted at 6, and with Spencer, Jordan. Nolen and several others set out for the Lower Wharf where we had to embark for picnic at Hermitage. Did not leave the Wharf until 9. The boat was crowded with several East End S.S. A large number of girls. Surprizingly few, not more than 10 or 12, of them had any claim to prettiness. The boat, with wheels at its back, steamed slowly up the Cumberland about 18 miles. Reached the picnic ground at 12. Enjoyed the dinner, the trees and fields waving with green wheat. Left Hermitage at 3 p.m. and arrived at the Nashville wharf at 6.
3
After supper, I led the classmeeting and took the opportunity to bid farewell to Hall friends some of whom, when I leave in a month or so, I may never see again.
 

24. 5월 24일 (음 4월 17일)

1
24th. (十七). Sunday. Fair.
 
2
Attended W.E. S.S. and the "Children's Day" exercises. At night, with Yosh. went to McKendree to hear Dr. Steel's temperance sermon. but I slept most of the time. I ought not to go to church in nights when tired.
 

25. 5월 25일 (음 4월 18일)

1
25th. (十八). Monday. Fine.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
From 4 p.m. with Scarboro went to Mr. Browder's house. There played croquet with Miss Carie and a few boys until nearly 7. Took supper at Mrs. Browder's.
 

26. 5월 26일 (음 4월 19일)

1
26th. (十九). Tuesday. Cloudy and rained hard late a.m.
 
2
Recit. usual. Felt very bad and ill humored.
 

27. 5월 27일 (음 4월 20일)

1
27th. (二十日). Wednesday. Cloudy.
 
2
The Founder's Day-Music band early morning as usual.
3
At 10 a.m. attended the B.U. convention. I was nominated the candidate of this department. There were 3 candidates besides myself. At the first ballot Stokes got about 75 and I, 69. When the W.H. body saw the danger of West side's combining with the Law Department for Bemis, they gave their solid vote to Law for Bemis, W.H. thus succeeded to defeat West Side and Stokes. I never worked for B.C. therefore I had no reason whatsoever to be disappointed.
4
In my speech said I:-
5
Lad. and Gents: I was told that when a goose bites off certain kind of grass, it does so so completely that nothing is left for others to eat. When Mr. McCarn commented on my ugliness, he did it so thoroughly that he reminded me of a goose. Indeed, but for the unsearchable riches of my ugliness, I don't know how any thing more could be said after the introduction of Mr. McCarn.
6
My ugliness needs no comments. I am my own epistle written in gold and black to be seen and read of all men, especially, all ladies. No one can more truthfully than myself say, "I am wonderfully and fearfully made!" In scholarship, I never fail to be the first in any class that has nobody but myself. I can read Latin and Greek as easily as I can Hebrew-of which I know nothing. My title to a gentleman, what stronger proof can I offer than that I fought a most bloody duel with a man who disputed my gentlemanship only last night-in a dream. Thus I am in every respect qualified for B.U.-a gentleman and a scholar. ugly without a match in that I am unrivalled and unmarried.
7
Lad. and Gents, as I stand here, the pride of Asia and wonder of America, 60 centuries look down upon you! Two continents await the issue of this convention in breathless suspense. The happiness of unborn generations depends on your doing justice to my merit. I leave my cause in your sovereign hand. I am sure that the spirit of the "Catholicity of Age (allusion to Bradfield's subject of speech) will not admit any prejudice or partiality in your choice."
8
Went down town and bought an umbrella.
 

28. 5월 28일 (음 4월 21일)

1
28th. (二十一). Thursday. Fine and hot.
 
2
This morning had the last recitation under Dr. T. He dismissed the class with a very fervent and touching prayer to God.
3
After dinner, in company of Nolen, Ross and Boyer, went to St. Cecilia, a Catholic academy for young ladies.
4
The institution is located at the end of Buena Vista on a commanding position. The place was scrupulously neat. The music, bells, the neat and often pretty nuns with spotless white gowns and black hoods and rosaries made the whole place breathe most calm, quiet, quaint atmosphere. The chapel was a pretty affair.
5
At the time there were several women engaged in devotion kneeling before an image or a statue representing Mary or Christ or a saint.
6
Mother Francis was very fine looking and intelligent. Just before leaving, she treated us with a few musical performances by three young girls.
7
From St. Cecilia, we walked to Fisk University. Here we saw the parlor, dining room, Livingstone Hall, the museum and a few recitation rooms. The library in the Hall was not larger than the private library of an ordinary Am. gentleman. Saw some curiosities from Africa among which were weapons, idols, birds etc. There are about 600 students in Fisk, among whom are a few whites-not from the South tho'.
8
It was 6 p.m. when we reached home very tired indeed.
 

29. 5월 29일 (음 4월 22일)

1
29th. (二十二). Friday. Cloudy, very cool, sprinkled some.
 
2
From 12 to 1 Bish. Fitzgerald delivered a lecture to the English classes on Ed. A. Poe. The fact that the Bish. was acquainted with Poe-the personal reminiscences were exceedingly interesting.
3
Reviewed all day. From 5:30 to dark, played croquet with Miss Carie.
 

30. 5월 30일 (음 4월 23일)

1
30th. (二十三). Saturday. Very cool in a.m.-fair p.m.
 
2
Ex. in Economics.
3
From 6 p.m. played croquet at Mr. Browder's. After supper there, spent two most torturing hours in the company of Mrs. Br. Miss Carie, Brown and M. Not that they were in any way unkind or uncivil to me. But, as I am always dumbfounded before a young lady, I sat there sick and silent. I did not like to say anything as every word and movement seemed to be watched in the most critical spirit, smiles and significant glances darting from one to another. For my sake and for the sake of others I ought to avoid a strange company as much as possible.
 

31. 5월 31일 (음 4월 24일)

1
31st. (二十四). Sunday. Fine.
 
2
Attended W.E. S.S. Dr. Baskerville taught the class. Worshipped in W.E. Ch.
3
Wrote to Prof. Bonnell.
4
At night heard Jordan preach in East End Ch.
5
6
Wandering thoughts:
7
1. Sabbath keeping in America seems to be gradually going out of fashion. Fruit stands, soda-water fountains, even large dry goods stores and book stores are open. All means of transportation are running. Daily papers add more pages on Sunday. Preachers, I have seen to buy cigars and soda water on Sunday. Here I may add that I can not help laughing at a preacher or anybody else who buys tobacco, but scruples buying clothes or other articles on Sunday.
8
2. Once I heard Dr. Smith say that the boarding house system is a curse of modern civilization. I did not understand what he meant till I visited a family keeping boarders. No matter how nice the family is or how gentlemanly the boarders are, the presence of strangers at the family table or the fire side seems to destroy partly or wholy the sacredness of a family or home. Dr. Smith seems to be right.
9
3. I hate the choir system of the churches, especially of fashionable churches. Often a choir is composed, either in part or in whole, of unbelievers. Its performances are purely theatrical. One morning at McKendree I saw only a comparatively small part of the congregation engaged in devotion while the pastor prayed. The ladies and men in the choir laughed and talked all the while. Think of such a choir standing up and piously (?) singing a religious song or a hymn to a religious crowd! Who would-I would not-believe the sentiment of the singer who laughs and talks while others pray?
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