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◈ Paradise Regained (복낙원) ◈

◇ THE FIRST BOOK ◇

해설목차  1권 2권  3권  4권  1671년
John Milton (존 밀턴)
1
Paradise Regained
2
by
3
John Milton
 

1. THE FIRST BOOK

1
I, WHO erewhile the happy Garden sung
2
By one man's disobedience lost, now sing
3
Recovered Paradise to all mankind,
4
By one man's firm obedience fully tried
5
Through all temptation, and the Tempter foiled
6
In all his wiles, defeated and repulsed,
7
And Eden raised in the waste Wilderness.
 
8
Thou Spirit, who led'st this glorious Eremite
9
Into the desert, his victorious field
10
Against the spiritual foe, and brought'st him thence
11
By proof the undoubted Son of God, inspire,
12
As thou art wont, my prompted song, else mute,
13
And bear through highth or depth of Nature's bounds,
14
With prosperous wing full summed, to tell of deeds
15
Above heroic, though in secret done,
16
And unrecorded left through many an age:
17
Worthy to have not remained so long unsung.
 
18
Now had the great Proclaimer, with a voice
19
More awful than the sound of trumpet, cried
20
Repentance, and Heaven's kingdom nigh at hand
21
To all baptized. To his great baptism flocked
22
With awe the regions round, and with them came
23
From Nazareth the son of Joseph deemed
24
To the flood Jordan—came as then obscure,
25
Unmarked, unknown. But him the Baptist soon
26
Descried, divinely warned, and witness bore
27
As to his worthier, and would have resigned
28
To him his heavenly office. Nor was long
29
His witness unconfirmed: on him baptized
30
Heaven opened, and in likeness of a Dove
31
The Spirit descended, while the Father's voice
32
From Heaven pronounced him his beloved Son.
33
That heard the Adversary, who, roving still
34
About the world, at that assembly famed
35
Would not be last, and, with the voice divine
36
Nigh thunder-struck, the exalted man to whom
37
Such high attest was given a while surveyed
38
With wonder; then, with envy fraught and rage,
39
Flies to his place, nor rests, but in mid air
40
To council summons all his mighty Peers,
41
Within thick clouds and dark tenfold involved,
42
A gloomy consistory; and them amidst,
43
With looks aghast and sad, he thus bespake:—
 
44
"O ancient Powers of Air and this wide World
45
(For much more willingly I mention Air,
46
This our old conquest, than remember Hell,
47
Our hated habitation), well ye know
48
How many ages, as the years of men,
49
This Universe we have possessed, and ruled
50
In manner at our will the affairs of Earth,
51
Since Adam and his facile consort Eve
52
Lost Paradise, deceived by me, though since
53
With dread attending when that fatal wound
54
Shall be inflicted by the seed of Eve
55
Upon my head. Long the decrees of Heaven
56
Delay, for longest time to Him is short;
57
And now, too soon for us, the circling hours
58
This dreaded time have compassed, wherein we
59
Must bide the stroke of that long-threatened wound
60
(At least, if so we can, and by the head
61
Broken be not intended all our power
62
To be infringed, our freedom and our being
63
In this fair empire won of Earth and Air)
64
For this ill news I bring: The Woman's Seed,
65
Destined to this, is late of woman born.
66
His birth to our just fear gave no small cause;
67
But his growth now to youth's full flower, displaying
68
All virtue, grace and wisdom to achieve
69
Things highest, greatest, multiplies my fear.
70
Before him a great Prophet, to proclaim
71
His coming, is sent harbinger, who all
72
Invites, and in the consecrated stream
73
Pretends to wash off sin, and fit them so
74
Purified to receive him pure, or rather
75
To do him honour as their King. All come,
76
And he himself among them was baptized—
77
Not thence to be more pure, but to receive
78
The testimony of Heaven, that who he is
79
Thenceforth the nations may not doubt. I saw
80
The Prophet do him reverence; on him, rising
81
Out of the water, Heaven above the clouds
82
Unfold her crystal doors; thence on his head
83
A perfet Dove descend (whate'er it meant);
84
And out of Heaven the sovraign voice I heard,
85
'This is my Son beloved,—in him am pleased.'
86
His mother, than, is mortal, but his Sire
87
He who obtains the monarchy of Heaven;
88
And what will He not do to advance his Son?
89
His first-begot we know, and sore have felt,
90
When his fierce thunder drove us to the Deep;
91
Who this is we must learn, for Man he seems
92
In all his lineaments, though in his face
93
The glimpses of his Father's glory shine.
94
Ye see our danger on the utmost edge
95
Of hazard, which admits no long debate,
96
But must with something sudden be opposed
97
(Not force, but well-couched fraud, well-woven snares),
98
Ere in the head of nations he appear,
99
Their king, their leader, and supreme on Earth.
100
I, when no other durst, sole undertook
101
The dismal expedition to find out
102
And ruin Adam, and the exploit performed
103
Successfully: a calmer voyage now
104
Will waft me; and the way found prosperous once
105
Induces best to hope of like success."
 
106
He ended, and his words impression left
107
Of much amazement to the infernal crew,
108
Distracted and surprised with deep dismay
109
At these sad tidings. But no time was then
110
For long indulgence to their fears or grief:
111
Unanimous they all commit the care
112
And management of this man enterprise
113
To him, their great Dictator, whose attempt
114
At first against mankind so well had thrived
115
In Adam's overthrow, and led their march
116
From Hell's deep-vaulted den to dwell in light,
117
Regents, and potentates, and kings, yea gods,
118
Of many a pleasant realm and province wide.
119
So to the coast of Jordan he directs
120
His easy steps, girded with snaky wiles,
121
Where he might likeliest find this new-declared,
122
This man of men, attested Son of God,
123
Temptation and all guile on him to try—
124
So to subvert whom he suspected raised
125
To end his reign on Earth so long enjoyed:
126
But, contrary, unweeting he fulfilled
127
The purposed counsel, pre-ordained and fixed,
128
Of the Most High, who, in full frequence bright
129
Of Angels, thus to Gabriel smiling spake:—
 
130
"Gabriel, this day, by proof, thou shalt behold,
131
Thou and all Angels conversant on Earth
132
With Man or men's affairs, how I begin
133
To verify that solemn message late,
134
On which I sent thee to the Virgin pure
135
In Galilee, that she should bear a son,
136
Great in renown, and called the Son of God.
137
Then told'st her, doubting how these things could be
138
To her a virgin, that on her should come
139
The Holy Ghost, and the power of the Highest
140
O'ershadow her. This Man, born and now upgrown,
141
To shew him worthy of his birth divine
142
And high prediction, henceforth I expose
143
To Satan; let him tempt, and now assay
144
His utmost subtlety, because he boasts
145
And vaunts of his great cunning to the throng
146
Of his Apostasy. He might have learnt
147
Less overweening, since he failed in Job,
148
Whose constant perseverance overcame
149
Whate'er his cruel malice could invent.
150
He now shall know I can produce a man,
151
Of female seed, far abler to resist
152
All his solicitations, and at length
153
All his vast force, and drive him back to Hell—
154
Winning by conquest what the first man lost
155
By fallacy surprised. But first I mean
156
To exercise him in the Wilderness;
157
There he shall first lay down the rudiments
158
Of his great warfare, ere I send him forth
159
To conquer Sin and Death, the two grand foes.
160
By humiliation and strong sufferance
161
His weakness shall o'ercome Satanic strength,
162
And all the world, and mass of sinful flesh;
163
That all the Angels and aethereal Powers—
164
They now, and men hereafter—may discern
165
From what consummate virtue I have chose
166
This perfet man, by merit called my Son,
167
To earn salvation for the sons of men."
 
168
So spake the Eternal Father, and all Heaven
169
Admiring stood a space; then into hymns
170
Burst forth, and in celestial measures moved,
171
Circling the throne and singing, while the hand
172
Sung with the voice, and this the argument:—
 
173
"Victory and triumph to the Son of God,
174
Now entering his great duel, not of arms,
175
But to vanquish by wisdom hellish wiles!
176
The Father knows the Son; therefore secure
177
Ventures his filial virtue, though untried,
178
Against whate'er may tempt, whate'er seduce,
179
Allure, or terrify, or undermine.
180
Be frustrate, all ye stratagems of Hell,
181
And, devilish machinations, come to nought!"
 
182
So they in Heaven their odes and vigils tuned.
183
Meanwhile the Son of God, who yet some days
184
Lodged in Bethabara, where John baptized,
185
Musing and much revolving in his breast
186
How best the mighty work he might begin
187
Of Saviour to mankind, and which way first
188
Publish his godlike office now mature,
189
One day forth walked alone, the Spirit leading
190
And his deep thoughts, the better to converse
191
With solitude, till, far from track of men,
192
Thought following thought, and step by step led on,
193
He entered now the bordering Desert wild,
194
And, with dark shades and rocks environed round,
195
His holy meditations thus pursued:—
 
196
"O what a multitude of thoughts at once
197
Awakened in me swarm, while I consider
198
What from within I feel myself, and hear
199
What from without comes often to my ears,
200
Ill sorting with my present state compared!
201
When I was yet a child, no childish play
202
To me was pleasing; all my mind was set
203
Serious to learn and know, and thence to do,
204
What might be public good; myself I thought
205
Born to that end, born to promote all truth,
206
All righteous things. Therefore, above my years,
207
The Law of God I read, and found it sweet;
208
Made it my whole delight, and in it grew
209
To such perfection that, ere yet my age
210
Had measured twice six years, at our great Feast
211
I went into the Temple, there to hear
212
The teachers of our Law, and to propose
213
What might improve my knowledge or their own,
214
And was admired by all. Yet this not all
215
To which my spirit aspired. Victorious deeds
216
Flamed in my heart, heroic acts—one while
217
To rescue Israel from the Roman yoke;
218
Then to subdue and quell, o'er all the earth,
219
Brute violence and proud tyrannic power,
220
Till truth were freed, and equity restored:
221
Yet held it more humane, more heavenly, first
222
By winning words to conquer willing hearts,
223
And make persuasion do the work of fear;
224
At least to try, and teach the erring soul,
225
Not wilfully misdoing, but unware
226
Misled; the stubborn only to subdue.
227
These growing thoughts my mother soon perceiving,
228
By words at times cast forth, inly rejoiced,
229
And said to me apart, 'High are thy thoughts,
230
O Son! but nourish them, and let them soar
231
To what highth sacred virtue and true worth
232
Can raise them, though above example high;
233
By matchless deeds express thy matchless Sire.
234
For know, thou art no son of mortal man;
235
Though men esteem thee low of parentage,
236
Thy Father is the Eternal King who rules
237
All Heaven and Earth, Angels and sons of men.
238
A messenger from God foretold thy birth
239
Conceived in me a virgin; he foretold
240
Thou shouldst be great, and sit on David's throne,
241
And of thy kingdom there should be no end.
242
At thy nativity a glorious quire
243
Of Angels, in the fields of Bethlehem, sung
244
To shepherds, watching at their folds by night,
245
And told them the Messiah now was born,
246
Where they might see him; and to thee they came,
247
Directed to the manger where thou lay'st;
248
For in the inn was left no better room.
249
A Star, not seen before, in heaven appearing,
250
Guided the Wise Men thither from the East,
251
To honour thee with incense, myrrh, and gold;
252
By whose bright course led on they found the place,
253
Affirming it thy star, new-graven in heaven,
254
By which they knew thee King of Israel born.
255
Just Simeon and prophetic Anna, warned
256
By vision, found thee in the Temple, and spake,
257
Before the altar and the vested priest,
258
Like things of thee to all that present stood.'
259
This having heart, straight I again revolved
260
The Law and Prophets, searching what was writ
261
Concerning the Messiah, to our scribes
262
Known partly, and soon found of whom they spake
263
I am—this chiefly, that my way must lie
264
Through many a hard assay, even to the death,
265
Ere I the promised kingdom can attain,
266
Or work redemption for mankind, whose sins'
267
Full weight must be transferred upon my head.
268
Yet, neither thus disheartened or dismayed,
269
The time prefixed I waited; when behold
270
The Baptist (of whose birth I oft had heard,
271
Not knew by sight) now come, who was to come
272
Before Messiah, and his way prepare!
273
I, as all others, to his baptism came,
274
Which I believed was from above; but he
275
Straight knew me, and with loudest voice proclaimed
276
Me him (for it was shewn him so from Heaven)
277
Me him whose harbinger he was; and first
278
Refused on me his baptism to confer,
279
As much his greater, and was hardly won.
280
But, as I rose out of the laving stream,
281
Heaven opened her eternal doors, from whence
282
The Spirit descended on me like a Dove;
283
And last, the sum of all, my Father's voice,
284
Audibly heard from Heaven, pronounced me his,
285
Me his beloved Son, in whom alone
286
He was well pleased: by which I knew the time
287
Now full, that I no more should live obscure,
288
But openly begin, as best becomes
289
The authority which I derived from Heaven.
290
And now by some strong motion I am led
291
Into this wilderness; to what intent
292
I learn not yet. Perhaps I need not know;
293
For what concerns my knowledge God reveals."
 
294
So spake our Morning Star, then in his rise,
295
And, looking round, on every side beheld
296
A pathless desert, dusk with horrid shades.
297
The way he came, not having marked return,
298
Was difficult, by human steps untrod;
299
And he still on was led, but with such thoughts
300
Accompanied of things past and to come
301
Lodged in his breast as well might recommend
302
Such solitude before choicest society.
 
303
Full forty days he passed—whether on hill
304
Sometimes, anon in shady vale, each night
305
Under the covert of some ancient oak
306
Or cedar to defend him from the dew,
307
Or harboured in one cave, is not revealed;
308
Nor tasted human food, nor hunger felt,
309
Till those days ended; hungered then at last
310
Among wild beasts. They at his sight grew mild,
311
Nor sleeping him nor waking harmed; his walk
312
The fiery serpent fled and noxious worm;
313
The lion and fierce tiger glared aloof.
314
But now an aged man in rural weeds,
315
Following, as seemed, the quest of some stray eye,
316
Or withered sticks to gather, which might serve
317
Against a winter's day, when winds blow keen,
318
To warm him wet returned from field at eve,
319
He saw approach; who first with curious eye
320
Perused him, then with words thus uttered spake:—
 
321
"Sir, what ill chance hath brought thee to this place,
322
So far from path or road of men, who pass
323
In troop or caravan? for single none
324
Durst ever, who returned, and dropt not here
325
His carcass, pined with hunger and with droughth.
326
I ask the rather, and the more admire,
327
For that to me thou seem'st the man whom late
328
Our new baptizing Prophet at the ford
329
Of Jordan honoured so, and called thee Son
330
Of God. I saw and heard, for we sometimes
331
Who dwell this wild, constrained by want, come forth
332
To town or village nigh (nighest is far),
333
Where aught we hear, and curious are to hear,
334
What happens new; fame also finds us out."
 
335
To whom the Son of God:—"Who brought me hither
336
Will bring me hence; no other guide I seek."
 
337
"By miracle he may," replied the swain;
338
"What other way I see not; for we here
339
Live on tough roots and stubs, to thirst inured
340
More than the camel, and to drink go far—
341
Men to much misery and hardship born.
342
But, if thou be the Son of God, command
343
That out of these hard stones be made thee bread;
344
So shalt thou save thyself, and us relieve
345
With food, whereof we wretched seldom taste."
 
346
He ended, and the Son of God replied:—
347
"Think'st thou such force in bread? Is it not written
348
(For I discern thee other than thou seem'st),
349
Man lives not by bread only, but each word
350
Proceeding from the mouth of God, who fed
351
Our fathers here with manna? In the Mount
352
Moses was forty days, nor eat nor drank;
353
And forty days Eliah without food
354
Wandered this barren waste; the same I now.
355
Why dost thou, then, suggest to me distrust
356
Knowing who I am, as I know who thou art?"
 
357
Whom thus answered the Arch-Fiend, now undisguised:—
358
"'Tis true, I am that Spirit unfortunate
359
Who, leagued with millions more in rash revolt,
360
Kept not my happy station, but was driven
361
With them from bliss to the bottomless Deep—
362
Yet to that hideous place not so confined
363
By rigour unconniving but that oft,
364
Leaving my dolorous prison, I enjoy
365
Large liberty to round this globe of Earth,
366
Or range in the Air; nor from the Heaven of Heavens
367
Hath he excluded my resort sometimes.
368
I came, among the Sons of God, when he
369
Gave up into my hands Uzzean Job,
370
To prove him, and illustrate his high worth;
371
And, when to all his Angels he proposed
372
To draw the proud king Ahab into fraud,
373
That he might fall in Ramoth, they demurring,
374
I undertook that office, and the tongues
375
Of all his flattering prophets glibbed with lies
376
To his destruction, as I had in charge:
377
For what he bids I do. Though I have lost
378
Much lustre of my native brightness, lost
379
To be beloved of God, I have not lost
380
To love, at least contemplate and admire,
381
What I see excellent in good, or fair,
382
Or virtuous; I should so have lost all sense.
383
What can be then less in me than desire
384
To see thee and approach thee, whom I know
385
Declared the Son of God, to hear attent
386
Thy wisdom, and behold thy godlike deeds?
387
Men generally think me much a foe
388
To all mankind. Why should I? they to me
389
Never did wrong or violence. By them
390
I lost not what I lost; rather by them
391
I gained what I have gained, and with them dwell
392
Copartner in these regions of the World,
393
If not disposer—lend them oft my aid,
394
Oft my advice by presages and signs,
395
And answers, oracles, portents, and dreams,
396
Whereby they may direct their future life.
397
Envy, they say, excites me, thus to gain
398
Companions of my misery and woe!
399
At first it may be; but, long since with woe
400
Nearer acquainted, now I feel by proof
401
That fellowship in pain divides not smart,
402
Nor lightens aught each man's peculiar load;
403
Small consolation, then, were Man adjoined.
404
This wounds me most (what can it less?) that Man,
405
Man fallen, shall be restored, I never more."
 
406
To whom our Saviour sternly thus replied:—
407
"Deservedly thou griev'st, composed of lies
408
From the beginning, and in lies wilt end,
409
Who boast'st release from Hell, and leave to come
410
Into the Heaven of Heavens. Thou com'st, indeed,
411
As a poor miserable captive thrall
412
Comes to the place where he before had sat
413
Among the prime in splendour, now deposed,
414
Ejected, emptied, gazed, unpitied, shunned,
415
A spectacle of ruin, or of scorn,
416
To all the host of Heaven. The happy place
417
Imparts to thee no happiness, no joy—
418
Rather inflames thy torment, representing
419
Lost bliss, to thee no more communicable;
420
So never more in Hell than when in Heaven.
421
But thou art serviceable to Heaven's King!
422
Wilt thou impute to obedience what thy fear
423
Extorts, or pleasure to do ill excites?
424
What but thy malice moved thee to misdeem
425
Of righteous Job, then cruelly to afflict him
426
With all inflictions? but his patience won.
427
The other service was thy chosen task,
428
To be a liar in four hundred mouths;
429
For lying is thy sustenance, thy food.
430
Yet thou pretend'st to truth! all oracles
431
By thee are given, and what confessed more true
432
Among the nations? That hath been thy craft,
433
By mixing somewhat true to vent more lies.
434
But what have been thy answers? what but dark,
435
Ambiguous, and with double sense deluding,
436
Which they who asked have seldom understood,
437
And, not well understood, as good not known?
438
Who ever, by consulting at thy shrine,
439
Returned the wiser, or the more instruct
440
To fly or follow what concerned him most,
441
And run not sooner to his fatal snare?
442
For God hath justly given the nations up
443
To thy delusions; justly, since they fell
444
Idolatrous. But, when his purpose is
445
Among them to declare his providence,
446
To thee not known, whence hast thou then thy truth,
447
But from him, or his Angels president
448
In every province, who, themselves disdaining
449
To approach thy temples, give thee in command
450
What, to the smallest tittle, thou shalt say
451
To thy adorers? Thou, with trembling fear,
452
Or like a fawning parasite, obey'st;
453
Then to thyself ascrib'st the truth foretold.
454
But this thy glory shall be soon retrenched;
455
No more shalt thou by oracling abuse
456
The Gentiles; henceforth oracles are ceased,
457
And thou no more with pomp and sacrifice
458
Shalt be enquired at Delphos or elsewhere—
459
At least in vain, for they shall find thee mute.
460
God hath now sent his living Oracle
461
Into the world to teach his final will,
462
And sends his Spirit of Truth henceforth to dwell
463
In pious hearts, an inward oracle
464
To all truth requisite for men to know."
 
465
So spake our Saviour; but the subtle Fiend,
466
Though inly stung with anger and disdain,
467
Dissembled, and this answer smooth returned:—
 
468
"Sharply thou hast insisted on rebuke,
469
And urged me hard with doings which not will,
470
But misery, hath wrested from me. Where
471
Easily canst thou find one miserable,
472
And not inforced oft-times to part from truth,
473
If it may stand him more in stead to lie,
474
Say and unsay, feign, flatter, or abjure?
475
But thou art placed above me; thou art Lord;
476
From thee I can, and must, submiss, endure
477
Cheek or reproof, and glad to scape so quit.
478
Hard are the ways of truth, and rough to walk,
479
Smooth on the tongue discoursed, pleasing to the ear,
480
And tunable as sylvan pipe or song;
481
What wonder, then, if I delight to hear
482
Her dictates from thy mouth? most men admire
483
Virtue who follow not her lore. Permit me
484
To hear thee when I come (since no man comes),
485
And talk at least, though I despair to attain.
486
Thy Father, who is holy, wise, and pure,
487
Suffers the hypocrite or atheous priest
488
To tread his sacred courts, and minister
489
About his altar, handling holy things,
490
Praying or vowing, and voutsafed his voice
491
To Balaam reprobate, a prophet yet
492
Inspired: disdain not such access to me."
 
493
To whom our Saviour, with unaltered brow:—
494
"Thy coming hither, though I know thy scope,
495
I bid not, or forbid. Do as thou find'st
496
Permission from above; thou canst not more."
 
497
He added not; and Satan, bowling low
498
His gray dissimulation, disappeared,
499
Into thin air diffused: for now began
500
Night with her sullen wing to double-shade
501
The desert; fowls in their clay nests were couched;
502
And now wild beasts came forth the woods to roam.
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