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◈ 윤치호일기 (1897년) ◈

◇ 3월 ◇

해설목차  1권  2권  3권 4권  5권  6권  7권  8권  9권  10권  11권  12권  윤치호

1. 3월 16일

1
16th. (8th of 2nd Moon). Tuesday. Bright-cold-windy.
 
2
According to the Old Style, this is the birthday of the Crown Prince. Some of the stores in main streets have flags out.
3
At one p.m. went to the Palace. Waited until 5:30, when His Majesty granted me an audience. Both the King and the Prince were very gracious. His Majesty asked me why I did not come and see him earlier, when he was in the Legation. He inquired after my father, asked me how much French I had learned, and how I liked France etc.
4
The Seoulians are considerably excited in regard to the so called secret treaty between Russia and Japan which was published some time ago in the Kanzio Shimpo. They fear that Japan may send out troops now to fight over Corea, poor Coreans. The trouble of Corea is neither Japan nor Russia but the Corean misgovernment.
5
Yi Yong Ik, the notorious rascal and squeezer, is now under arrest on account of having suborned a number of vile Confucianists to memorialize against Yi Yun Yong, Kim Hong Niuk, Han Kiu Sul.
6
A week ago Kim Hong N. was promoted to the honorary rank of Pan Soh or 2nd rank(!) What a disgrace to the officialdom of Corea that a man of Pan Soh rank should be an interpreter in the Russian Legation!
7
Mio Dong Chip has just left me. She was once, about 15 or 16 years ago, a concubine of my father. Perhaps she is one of the prettiest Corean women I have ever seen. After asking me to get a position for her present husband, a Mr. Pak Chusa, she came near hugging me and told me that she would die if her guilty passion for me were unsatisfied! One of the sharpest fights between my evil desires and principle. I assured her that what she demanded of me could not be done, because she had once been a concubine of my father and because I was a Christian. Oh my, what fierce temptations do I live in! God help me. (9:20 p.m.)
 

2. 3월 17일

1
17th. Wednesday. Beautiful.
 
2
At 4 p.m. called on Mrs. Waeber. After which went to the palace, wishing to make known to His Majesty my desired trip to Shanghai. From 6 to 10 waited in the Kong Sa Chung (公事廳) . The little palace is full of eunuchs, of disorder, of dirt. Buildings are spread all over the narrow ground with no reference to order or plan. The hangers-on, which made the old Palace so untidy and noisy, are seen in the new as numerous and as useless. The same old trouble of making many fellows do a thing badly which one might do better. The same old wastefulness everywhere.
3
His Majesty was kind to me. Hearing that I had not eaten any supper, he himself ordered someone to get something for me. He told me to write to my father to ask the permission of the War Department for the organization of a local militia in (光州) . His Majesty intends to abolish the regiment as soon as the militia should be put in shape.
4
H.M. told me that when my father was the Vice Minister of War, the relations between him and Yi Yun Yong, then Minister of War, were so strained that Yi tried everything to thwart and ovethrow my father. Yi was jealous of my father's intimacy with His Majesty.
5
Yesterday p.m. His Majesty told his ministers that each should discharge his duties faithfully and impartially and that H.M. would not interfere with their affairs but only control the powers of reward and punishment. A committee is to be appointed to revise and systematize the existing law and regulations of the government.
 

3. 3월 20일

1
20th. Saturday. Cold.
 
2
At 12 went to Mr. Min Yong Chan's (閔泳瓚) house to dine with his brother, Min Yong Huan. General Greathouse, Dr. Jaisohn, and Mr. Rauthenfelt were also present. The last named is a Russian. He was once connected with the customs, but is going to Europe in the capacity of the foreign secretary to Mr. Min. He speaks English to perfection, to say nothing of French.
3
Called on Rou Chai Hion, the Vice Minister of Law. He desires to join either the Catholic or the Protestant Mission, as one of the means of protection in this land of oppression and disorder. He is, by the way, one of the smartest and straightest men in the Corean officialdom. The other day, he fell from his horse and got badly hurt, though not dangerously. The unintentional cause of the accident was the street preaching of a Baptist missionary which choked up a street with a curious crowd.
4
Saw Kim Ka Chin. He thinks that the recent speech of H.M. to the Ministers and the Committee affords an excellent opportunity for introducing desired reforms. He thinks that the Law Department should have a strong adviser and that one of the advisers should be a man possessing the confidence of Japan.
5
I don't regard the King's speech or the proposed committee to be a thing of importance. His M. has made some fine speeches and promises during the past thirty years. The existing laws and regulations of the government, especially those of the late Reform, are good enough if carried out faithfully. What Corea suffers is not so much from bad laws and regulations as from the bad administration of good ones.
 

4. 3월 21일

1
21st. Sunday. Pretty-cold.
 
2
This morning my aunt, in urging me to find a bride for her fourth son, said that marriageable girls are just at present rather scarce, as, during the anti-topknot period, all parents made a rush to marry off their children before the topknot should entirely disappear.
3
Woshipped in Dr. Scranton's chapel.
4
Received a letter from my uncle advising me to call on Mr. Min Yong Joon, who desires to see me. What for?
 

5. 3월 22일

1
22nd. Monday. Beautiful.
 
2
Obeying my uncle's instruction, called on Min Yong Joon. He has a lovely villa on the bank of the Han River. Found him a fine looking Corean gentleman. I told him fully the importance of improving this opportunity of quietness by proper and wise management of the Finance of the Army, and of the internal government. He said that the greatest difficulty is in bringing His Majesty to right views.
3
A lovely spring day, all through. Called on Mrs. Sill in the afternoon.
 

6. 3월 25일

1
25th. Thursday. Cold-rainy.
 
2
Up at 6 a.m. to get ready for my Shanghai trip.
3
For the past few days the weather has been decidedly cool. Very strong east wind last evening seems to have culminated in snow and rain.
4
I am tired of this constant roving about now. I wonder when I am goimg to have a settled home and occupation.
5
Yesterday wrote a letter to Dr. Mcgill of Nashville, sending him $5.00 in gold for the Garland Memorial.
6
Left home 7:30 a.m. Changed dress in my room at Dr. Reid's. Left Seoul at 8:30. The rain and snow of last night made the road very bed up to Oricol. From that place on very good. Arrived at Chemulpo about 5 p.m. Put up at Daibutsu Hotel. Met Mr. Min and his brother in the same house. After supper, both Mins cut hair short in my room. They took a deal of unnecessary precaution against any mention of the affair in the Chemulpo paper.
 

7. 3월 27일

1
27th. Saturday. Rainy-cold.
 
2
Yesterday p.m. moved to Suidzu(水津) Hotel.
3
The prosaic stupidity of the life in Corea is always painfully manifest to me whenever I find myself in the tasteful and poetic surroundings of a Japanese home. In Chemulpo there is not a Corean hotel that is clean enough for decent folks. Shame! The Corean village is a collection of huts sprawling along the sides of dirty roads serving the double purpose of a thoroughfare and a ditch.
4
Took dinner in the Daibutsu Hotel at the invitation of the Kam ri of Chemulpo.
5
In talking about the wastefullness in the Palace, Mr. Min said tonight that the other day, for a few Corean dishes prepared for Mrs. Waeber, the Royal steward charged $80.00 in the Household Account. It costs His M. $30.00 for a little cup of 粟米飮 or millet soup under the pretext of its having 山蔘 in it. A few years ago, during national mourning it was custom for the inhabitants of a certain port to present to the Royal Cuisine a small fish. They had to spend 700 Yang($28.00) in "tipping" the royal servants to get the fish in. To send 30 bags of salt to the (司僕) or Royal stables, 200 bags went to "tipping."
 

8. 3월 28일

1
28th. Sunday. Beautiful.
 
2
Took a Corean meal with Kim T.N. He astonished me by saying that Stein had kept a very incorrect and bewildering account of the Russian Mission Fund. For example, Mr. Kim had once borrowed $10.00 from the Fund, which he soon returned. Stein was so careless as to enter the sum into the account as being used by Kim. The whole thing is so unsatisfactory that some even entertain suspicions as to the perfect integrity of Stein. By the way, $5,000.00 was all they brought back from the $40,000.00.
3
Mr. R. the foreign secretary who accompanies the present party, seems to be more steady and business-like than Mr. Stein. The latter is too much given to pleasure. Mr. R. speaks English perfectly, besides French, German, Chinese and Russian.
4
The embassy business in very profitable. This time Mr. Min gets $700 per month besides $20,000 which His M. has given him for private expenses. Mr. Min knows how to take care of himself, sure enough.
5
Went on board of Vladimir, a Russian steamer bound for Chefoo, at noon. Mr. Min, his brother Min Yong Chan and Sou Hui Yong are among the Cabin passengers. The steamer left Chemulpo at 4 p.m. A delightfully smooth voyage all the afternoon.
 

9. 3월 29일

1
29th. Monday. Rainy.
 
2
A smooth voyage all the a.m. This morning Mr. Min told me that the Pekin Pass had been made what it is at the private expense of M. Waeber, and that it had lately cost His Majesty $8,000 to get up a present for Mrs. Waeber.
3
Arrived at Chefoo at 1 p.m. Thanks to the thoughtfulness of Mr. Walter of Chemulpo, two gentlemen from the Anz and Co. came to meet Mr. Min and party. Went straight to the Beach Hotel. Rain all the afternoon.
 

10. 3월 31일

1
31st. Wednesday. Bright.
 
2
Left Chefoo per the S.S. Haean(海晏) at 4:30 p.m. Mr. Min kindly paid my hotel expenses $500 and my passage from Chefoo to Shanghai, $35.71 ¼. A kindness unexpected but most timely.
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페이지 최종 수정일: 2004년 1월 1일