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◈ 윤치호일기 (1898년) ◈

◇ 12월 ◇

해설목차  1권  2권  3권  4권  5권  6권  7권  8권  9권  10권 윤치호

1. 12월 27일

1
27th. (14th of 11th Moon). Tuesday. Beautiful.
 
2
Facts and thoughts on the late People's Meeting.
3
1. When several hot-headed fellows started the mass meetings on the 6th inst. I opposed the rash step on the ground that there were not enough causes for popular indignation or sympathy, and that we should not start meetings without money. The radicals insisted that both popular sympathy and money would come if meetings were started. They were determined to attack the peddlers with a band of stone fighters. But this I stopped with the utmost exertion of my influence. Keeping the radicals from committing this folly, I was unable to prevent them from starting ordinary meetings. Thus I had the weakness to endorse the proposal and to be led into the meetings.
4
2. For nearly twenty days the meetings dragged on spending 2 or 3 hundred yen every day in feeding from 7,000 to over a 1,000 stone fighters. As there was no money forth-coming, the leaders of the meeting had the folly but the necessity of begging for contributions from rich people in Seoul. This made the meetings stink in the nostrils of an influential circle in the city.
5
3. About the 12th of December, I met Tsuneya, who is generally supposed to be devoted to Pak Yong Hio. He asked me to propose in the meeting the recall of Pak. To this said I: "That is impossible. The People's Party as opposed to the government, is incomparably weak. Any mention of Pak in the meeting will expose us to the attacks of the Palace and the ignorant populace. No, let some private person mention Pak's case in a memorial, as I am told there is a scheme to that effect now on foot. But I have been for the past 12 months decidedly opposed to mentioning Pak's name in public."
6
4. On the 16th instant one or two radicals, 崔正德, 李承晩 etc., no doubt with the advice of 李健鎬 etc., proposed in the Privy Council to recommend to the Government the recall of Pak Yong Hio! Having done this, in order to save themselves, they persuaded the People's Meeting to endorse the foolish ect.
7
5. No sooner than the People's Party endorsed the act of the Privy Council in the proposed recall of Pak than the tide of popular sentiment turned against the Independence Club and the People's Meeting. The Palace seized upon this opportunity and ventured to use force for the dispersion of the meeting. Drunken soldiers were sent in large numbers to harass, insult and beat the leading speakers of the meeting on the 22nd and 23rd inst. The people "cussed" the popular leaders as traitors for trying to force Pak, the archtraitor, on the Emperor etc.
8
6. Having lost the popular sympathy, the meetings, which depend for their existence on the favourable opinion of the public, fell through.
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7. For the past few days, the radicals have made repeated efforts to start another series of meetings. This time I have been opposed to such agitations for the following reasons:
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(1) We have no money. The last meetings have placed us under a debt of3,200.00, or more. I was once deceived the other time by the airy hopes of getting money after the meeting got started. But this once was once too often.
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(2) We have, by the imprudent proposal for Pak's recall, lost the sympathy of the people. There is, besides, nothing to evoke their indignation on our behalf.
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(3) The Treasury is now empty. Taxes don't come. There is nothing to pay the soldiers with. If we now meet and stir up popular agitations, the Palace will hold us responsible for the failure of taxes, the poverty of the Treasury etc. The soldiers will then wreak their vengeance on us.
13
(4) Whatever we do now in the shape of popular demonstrations, the only party which gains thereby is the Japanese and the Russian.
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(5) Unless we could break into the Palace and clean out the rascals who are now misleading His Majesty. mere meetings on the streets will do no good at all. Therefore it stands to reason that we should lie low for some time, giving the Government a chance to either reform or deform itself, and us an opportunity for collecting our senses and cooling our heated brains.
15
8. Through the good offices of Mr. Kato, the Japanese Minister, Mr. Ko Yong Kun, the President of the 萬民共同會, and I had an interview with Mr. Min Yong Kui in the Japanese Legation. Mr. Kato, in the capacity of a private friend solicitous for the welfare of Corea and Japan, advised us to be reconciled, "as" he said, "any protracted disturbances in Corea would endanger the peace of Asia. "Min said that he was willing to be reconciled with the popular leaders out of consideration for the good of the country. Ko refused to be reconciled with a man who charged him and his party with treason and who had, in a memorial, written the name of Ko Yong Kun sans the surname Ko―the insult due only to a sure enough rebel. There was danger of an unpleasant scene between Ko and Min. So I said to Min: "As for me, I am ready to be reconciled. We have called each other traitors―so in that particular we are even. We are here not to recount our past wrongs and injuries but to talk about the best means of pacifying the people. To be brief, will you exert your influence with His Majesty to expel the peddlers now in the city and to appoint to the posts of war and police such men in whom the people confide? If this be done, the people will be relieved of their fear and suspicion, and a better understanding may soon be established between the Government and the people." Min agreed with me and said that he would try his best to bring about these means of pacification.
 
16
When we got through our conference, during which Ko maintained his hostile attitude, Mr. Kato invited us to supper. Ko refused to sit at the same table with Min, saying, "How can I bear to eat at the table with that fellow who planned to massacre the people?" This was said behind Min but quite audibly. Min grew white, but said nothing. Ko was persuaded by Kokubu, the Japanese interpreter, to sit at the table at last. But the hour passed heavily. It was 12 when we got up. I did not like the behavior of Ko. He acted just like a Korean-resentful for small personal injuries, having no regard to great issuses. His having been the President of the 萬民會 seems to have spoiled him!
 

2. 12월 28일

1
28th. Wednesday. Beautiful.
 
2
Since the People's Meeting began in the latter part of October I have had no time to look after the "Independent" properly. Of late my constant absence from the office threw the proof reading etc. on the shoulders of Mr. Cobb and sometimes on Mr. Appenzeller. Both the paper and I suffer under the present circumstance. After consulting with Mr. Appenzeller, I decided to suspend the English edition of the Independent for the time being.
3
Daring: "Dear, won't you give me60.00 to buy a hair pin?"
4
T.H.Y.: "$ 60.00 for a hairpin! What does the Bible say in regard to expensive ornaments etc.?"
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Darling: "The Bible only refers to pearls etc. and not to jade pins."
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T.H.Y.: "That is sin, Dearie, to pay60.00 for a hairpin of any kind."
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Darling: "Sin! You make me mad. If it be sin to buy a pin for60.00, would you think the offence worthy of Hell if I asked for100.00!
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