VS 여러분! 반갑습니다.    [로그인]   
  
키워드 :
  메인화면 (다빈치!지식놀이터) :: 다빈치! 원문/전문 > 기록물 > 개인기록물 영문  수정

◈ 윤치호일기 (1933년) ◈

◇ 10월 ◇

해설목차  1권  2권  3권  4권  5권  6권  7권  8권  9권  10권 11권  12권  윤치호

1. 10월 1일

1
1st. Sunday. A shower 9 p.m.
 
2
Seoul home.
 

2. 10월 2일

1
2nd. Monday. Lovely-Warm.
 
2
Seoul home.
 
3
The unbecoming rivalry, conflicts and conspiracies between the North-West faction(西北派) and the Kyong Kui and Choong Chung faction(畿湖派) , which have been kept oing in Hawaii, America, Shanghai, Manchuria, Russia―wherever Koreans are, are working in Seoul. The leaders of the N.W. faction in Seoul are said to be Messrs. 李光洙, 鄭仁果, 李容卨, while Dr. Hugh Cynn, Revs. 朴容羲, 咸泰英. are regarded as outstanding anti-Western men. Rev. 車載明 of the West Gate Church is said to be a shining light in the N.W. faction. Mr. 呂運亨, who had seen the factional quarrels etc. in Shanghai and elsewhere is strong on the side of the K.C. faction.
4
Mr. 李光洙 who left the Chief-editorial chair of the Dong-A-Il-Po sometime ago to become the Vice President of the Chosen-Il-Po Co. is charged with ingratitude toward Messrs.
5
金性洙, and 宋鎭禹. It is said that, when Mr. 李 was down and out when he returned to Korea years ago, Messrs. Kim and Song gave him material and moral assistance until he became reinstated in the confidence of the Korean society. He was even promoted to the Chief-editorship of Dong-A-Il-Po. When Chosen-Il-Po become the organ of the N.W. faction, Mr. 李 worked secretly to join the newspaper. Of course there was nothing wrong in that.
 

3. 10월 3일

1
3rd. Tuesday. Cloudy. Cool p.m.
 
2
Seoul home.
 

4. 10월 4일

1
4th. Wednesday. Magnificent.
 
2
Seoul home. (李光洙 Continued) But what was wrong was that he didn't tell his benefactor 宋鎭禹, anything about his plans to go to the Chosen-Il-Po until the very night he was to leave the Dong-A-Il-Po. At least that is the story I got from Hugh Cynn and 呂. If so 李 acted very ungratefully toward 金性洙 and 宋鎭禹, It is well understood that the Chosen-Il-Po entirely financed by N.W. men(方應模, 夏一淸) etc. is being prepared as a job for Mr. 安昌浩, the rich anti-Southern man who is reported to have said that the Kui Ho or Kyong Kui and Choong Chung faction must be first destroyed that the Japanese are enemies of recent years while the Kui Ho Koreans are enemies of the Western people for 500 years(!) I can hardly believe that Ahn could be guilty of such a statement; but most Kui Ho people believe he did say that and even worse things.
3
Both Cynn and 呂 suggested to me to form a party composed of loyal Southerners to counteract the unscrupulous plots and plans of the N.W. party.
4
I have thought over the suggestion as carefully as I can and told Mr. 呂 something like the following. See page followings.
 

5. 10월 5일

1
5th. Thursday.
 
2
Seoul home.
 

6. 10월 6일

1
6th. Friday. Cloudy a.m. Pale sun p.m.
 
2
Seoul home. I said to Mr. 呂-
 
3
Let us see what the facts are:
4
Fact No. 1. The North-Westerners especially the Pyong An Do people are more cohesive, thanks to the long centuries of oppression and the absence of caste―separations among them. By turning to Christianity earlier and more readily than the Southern Koreans they (the N.W. people) got modern education sooner than others.
5
Fact No. 2. Because they―the N.W. people are more cohesive and more educated―compared with Koreans of other sections they have become leaders in the Churches, in business offices, in Government bureaus-everywhere. They have an organization―the Hung Sa Dan and a leader Ahn Chang Ho―an organic and a personal centre around which they can and do rally.
6
Fact No. 3. Because they hate the Southern or Kui Ho Koreans worse than the Japanese they wouldn't hesitate to resort to mean tricks against the Kui Ho faction by flattering the Japanese.
7
Fact No.4. The Japanese may gladly use one faction against the other―just to keep Koreans divided.
 

7. 10월 7일

1
7th. Saturday. Rain some a.m.
 
2
Seoul home. Drizzling rain most last night and this morning.
3
Pleasant afternoon.
 

8. 10월 8일

1
8th. Sunday. Pale sun―Cloudy―Bright evening.
 
2
Seoul home.(Continued)
 
3
Now in the light of these four facts what are we―the Kui Ho people-to do? One of three things as I see it.
4
1st. Organize a Kui Ho party as a factional organ? No, because the Kui Ho people are not cohesive enough to stick to an organization in thesame way as the N.W. people do. An unsuccessful attempt as such an organization would only excite the ridicule of the opposite party.
5
2nd. Not succeeding in forming a compact organization, just go on indulging in individual hatred and opposition in the church, in business and in offices? No, I think that is too puerile and foolish, too.
6
3rd. Then let us be gentlemanly toward the N.W. leaders associationg with them freely and frankly playing them no secret tricks co-operating with them in all good things, not hesitating to disapprove any wrong doing they might do. I think that will win them in the long run better than any organized fight or individual opposition. Let us not give the Japanese the chance of using one section of Koreans against the other.
 

9. 10월 9일

1
9th. Monday.
 
2
Seoul home.
 

10. 10월 10일

1
10th. Tuesday. Lovely―Cool.
 
2
Seoul home.
 
3
Dr. Ryang, Mr. Anderson of Song Do strongly persuade me to go to America next year to attend the General Conference of the M.E. Church South. They think I could get 25 to 30 thousand dollars for the Song Do Higher Common School. I have three very good reasons not to go on such an errand.
4
(1) My mother who is now 90 years old may yet live many years more or pas away, any day. To leave her and go abroad on a journey that will take three or four months is against the ethical notions of Korea.
5
(2) In 1910 I tasted something of the "welcome" and "promises" of the Southern people. With all the dreummings of Dr. Lambuth, Reid etc. I didn't realize anything for the Anglo Korean School. Then the icy indifference of the "old schoolmates" so chilled me that I don't care to visit America just to repeat that sort of humiliating experience.
6
(3) It will cost me at the present rate of exchange something like 10,000 to 15,000 yen to make the trip. Why should I throw away a bird in hand to go after two in the bush?
 

11. 10월 11일

1
11th. Wednesday. Sun. Cool.
 
2
Seoul home.
 

12. 10월 12일

1
12th. Thursday. Lovely―Pleasant.
 
2
Seoul home. Had a long chat with 玄東完. He astounded me by telling me that Hugh Cynn is scheming to oust Dr. Ryang from the office of Genl. Superintendeney and to make himself the Hoi-Jang or President of the Korean Methodist Church. Cynn is working toward that end through his "soldiers" 全鼎淳, 沈相燮, 金泰宇, 金泰完 etc. Cynn is displeased with Hong Pyong Sun because Hong doesn't approve of the plot. I am sorry Cynn shows too much lust for power. If he succeeds in making himself that President of the Methodist Church, the North-Western section-the larger half of the church will secede.
 

13. 10월 13일

1
13th. Friday. Beautiful
 
2
Seoul home. Both 玄 and 洪 have been regarded as the "soldiers", minions, of Cynn. I like both of them especially 玄 hence I paid no attention to what anti-Cynnites say. But today 玄 in his gentle way unbusomed himself to me saying that the caprice and dictatiorial manners of C. are often hard to bear. Illustrations. (1) Last year when 玄 had to overhaul the Y. school which the inefficiency of H.B.W. and his fraudulent handling of the school money had plunged into a state of chaos, Cynn promptly told 玄 to discharge all the Night School teachers some of whom had served from 6 to 15 years rain or shine. It was a thankless job but 玄 had to do it. (2) A few months ago Cynn suddenly told 玄 to do things dictator-wise(專□) . Hyon answered that he had no need of resorting to dictatorial met □od etc. Next morning without any previous warning C. told H. that he(C.) had relieved Hyon of the duties of membership and social secretaries and had given the work to 李建春.
 

14. 10월 14일

1
14th. Saturday. Beautiful.
 
2
Seoul home. From 11 a.m. to 1:30 p.m. attended the dedication ceremony of the newly finished Tong Duk Girl's Higher Common School and its 25th Anniversary.(玄 and Cynn continued) Hyon had to swallow the pill whith as much grace as he could. (3) A week or so before the Y. Board of Directors met, Cynn told Hyon to phone to Mr. Kim Soon Ok to send on his resignation as a director. Then H. was to ask Mr. 呂運亨 to come on the Board in the place of Mr. Kim. Hyon did as was told. A day or two later H. learned that Cynn had ordered Hong Pyong Sun to write Kim not to resign! Thus Hyon was placed in an embarrassing position to both Kim and Yoh. He had to smooth the matter over with Kim and 呂 as best as he could. (4) A week or two ago Hyon took a little trip with a number of boys to a country place. When he came back a day or two later he found his chair, table and furniture in once his room all moved to a corner of the school office on the 3rd floor! His room had been given to the Wilbur during his absence! That was a bitter dose of Cynn's dictatorship, hut Hyon had to swallow that too just for the sake of the work. (Hyon said)
3
Thus it is seen Cynn make his "soldiers" work for him―obey him implicitly through fear and not through love. Cynn is a past master in making others act as his cat's paws. He takes to sub-rosa scheming as a duck to water.
 

15. 10월 15일

1
15th. Sunday. Beautiful.
 
2
Seoul home.
 

16. 10월 16일

1
16th. Monday. Pretty.
 
2
Seoul home.
 

17. 10월 17일

1
17th. Tuesday. Pale. Warm.
 
2
Seoul home. Went to the C.C.C. Ground to see the field exercises of the Central Y. Night School boys from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.
3
The Y.W.C.A. people gave a reception to Misses Niven and Lyon from 8 p.m. at the Central Y.
 

18. 10월 18일

1
18th. Wednesday. Cloudy―Cool
 
2
Seoul home. Had Misses Niven and Llyon to take tea at our home this afternoon from 4. Dr. Kim Helen came with them. Miss Lyon surprized me by saying that Dr. John Mott had written a book ready for publication just before the Great War broke out, asserting that war had become impossible, thanks to the deadly inventions of destructive weapons and the moral attitude of the nations disapproving war. Fortunately for his reputation, the book didn't materialize. If so, another illustration how dangerous it is to prophesy events now-a-days.
 

19. 10월 19일

1
19th. Thursday.
 
2
Seoul home.
 

20. 10월 20일

1
20th. Friday. Pretty. Pleasant.
 
2
Seoul home. From 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. went to the 第-高普 to see its all-day Field Sports. The program was necessarily long in order to give every boy in the school a chance to participate in one or two events. I like that.
 

21. 10월 21일

1
21st. Saturday.
 
2
Seoul home. 6:30 p.m. went to the Myong Wol Kwan Restaurant to attend the entertainment given by Genl. O Kooshi, the new Chief of the Genl. Staff of the Army of Korea. 朝鮮軍參譜部長. I wish the Japanese would quit the habit or custom of making drinking the chief or main feature of an entertainment and of requiring everybody to exchange wine cups with everybody else, so that if there are 100 guests one has to drain 100 cups. It's a barbarous custom.
 

22. 10월 22일

1
22nd. Sunday. Rain from 6 a.m. All day.
 
2
Seoul home.
 

23. 10월 23일

1
23rd. Monday. Pale sun.
 
2
Seoul home.
 

24. 10월 24일

1
24th. Tuesday. Pretty―Cold
 
2
Seoul home. Mr. Yi Rak Jong tells me the following story. A month or so ago the King Yi Palace authorities decided to turn the Stone Palace(石造殿) into a musium and to throw open to the public the beautiful garden surrounding the Palace. Three or four little shops were to be located on the ground to sell postal cards, candies and curios to visitors. Many Japanese and Korean merchants applied for the shops. The chief man who had the management of the building and the ground bluntly said to the Korean applicants something like this: "This being the property of the King Yi Household it would be perfectly reasonable to give these shops to the Koreans in preference to the Japanese or(Naiji-jin) . But when we annexed Korea we did for the good of the Japanese. Therefor the Japanese must be given the first chance in everything that has any profit in it. When something is left over, after the Japanese are all provided for then, and not till then, you Koreans may hope to get a share". So saying he gave all the shops to the Japanese. Mr. Yi further said: what Japan aims at with deadly persistance and unfailing success is the economic destruction of the Korean people. Some Koreans think they are something when the high officials dine them, pat them. But the Japanese smile at their smiling.
 

25. 10월 25일

1
25th. Wednesday. Beautiful.
 
2
Seoul home.
 

26. 10월 26일

1
26th. Thursday. Pretty.
 
2
Seoul home. Our 琦善 and his class left Seoul 9:42 night train for 慶州 on an "education" trip so called.
3
What Mr. Yi said yesterday morning about the three Ex. Policy of Japan is no secret. Every thinking Korean has known it for years. But when a man who is regarded as a pronounced pro-Japanese Koreans―even a spy, as some suspect him to be―says such things, the cruel policy of Japan assumes blacker colon than ever. Yi further said: "Look at Han Sang Ryong. He literally wrecked a Bank(The Han Sung Bank) to buy the good graces of the Japanese. Yet he was denied the presidency of the Korea Trust Co. (朝鮮信託會社) for the establishment he had worked so hard.
 

27. 10월 27일

1
27th. Friday. Lovely. Pleasant.
 
2
Left Seoul 8:40 a.m. train with cousins 致旿 and 致昭 for Jang-dan. Reaching the Jang-dan Station we took auto for 石炷院 where we arrived around 11:30. Met warm welcome from our relatives. A hearty lunch at home. After meal, we paid our visit to the graves of our common ancestors―which took two full hours. Catching auto at 石炷院 about 6:30 we reached the Jang-dan Station in ample time for the Seoul bound train 8:02. Arrived home nearly 10:30.
 

28. 10월 28일

1
28th. Saturday. Cloudy―Coldest.
 
2
Seoul home.
 

29. 10월 29일

1
29th. Sunday. Lovely. Pleasant.
 
2
Seoul home. To the Station 8 a.m. to welcome back our 埼善 and his class from their trip to 慶州. So happy to see him and them come back all safe and sound.
3
Worshipped at 宗轎 Church in the morning.
 

30. 10월 30일

1
30th. Monday. Beautiful―Warm.
 
2
Seoul home. Look at the map. Any country that occupied Korea points a dagger at the throat of Japan. This map and dagger argument so convinced the Americans under the brutal Roosevelt that they handed Korea over to the Japanese, to save dear Japan from the dreadful dagger and to insure the everlasting peace of the Far East. Now, that famous map and dagger argument is perfectly applicable to Manchuria in regard to Japan. Since Manchuria is made part of the Japanese empire, Mongolia, Siberia come under the map and dagger argument even with greater force than Korea did simply because there is not even a narrow strip of sea between Mongolia and Manchuria. When Siberia etc. continuous to Manchuria shall have been added to Japan, the map and dagger argument will work as logically as ever until all the British isles shall be annexed to the Mikado's domains then the broad Atlantic will keep America from pointing a dagger at the throat of dear old Japan and Roosevelt with his big stick will sleep contentedly and peacefully in his grave.
 

31. 10월 31일

1
31st. Tuesday. Pretty.
 
2
Seoul home.
◈ 영어독해모드 ◈
백과사전 연결하기
영어단어장 가기
▣ 인용 디렉터리
백과 참조
목록 참조
외부 참조
▣ 기본 정보
◈ 기본
윤치호 일기 [제목]
 
윤치호(尹致昊) [저자]
 
◈ 참조
1933년
 
▣ 참조 정보 (쪽별)

  메인화면 (다빈치!지식놀이터) :: 다빈치! 원문/전문 > 기록물 > 개인기록물 해설목차  1권  2권  3권  4권  5권  6권  7권  8권  9권  10권 11권  12권  영문  수정

◈ 윤치호일기 (1933년) ◈

©2004 General Libraries

페이지 최종 수정일: 2004년 1월 1일