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◈ 윤치호일기 (1890년) ◈

◇ 12월 ◇

해설목차  1권  2권  3권  4권  5권  6권  7권  8권  9권  10권  11권  12권 윤치호

1. 12월 1일 (음 10월 20일)

1
1st. (20th). Monday. Fair and cold.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Felt very languid.
 

2. 12월 2일 (음 10월 21일)

1
2nd. (21st). Tuesday. Fair and pleasant. Wind in the night.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Last night I could not sleep until after 1. I am indebted to the midnight's singing and whistling of Jamison for this injurious break of rest.
 

3. 12월 3일 (음 10월 22일)

1
3rd. (22d). Wednesday. Cloudy most of the day.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Wrote to Bell.
 

4. 12월 4일 (음 10월 23일)

1
4th. (23d). Thursday. Cloudy and cold all the day.
 
2
Recit. usual.
 

5. 12월 5일 (음 10월 24일)

1
5th. (24th). Friday. Cloudy, gloomy and cold.
 
2
Recit. usual.
 

6. 12월 6일 (음 10월 25일)

1
6th. (25th). Saturday. Cloudy. Rained most of the day.
 
2
Recit. and Society attendance as usual.
 

7. 12월 7일 (음 10월 26일)

1
7th. (26th). Sunday. Rained at intervals in the a.m. Showered in the evening.
 
2
Went to W.E. Ch. but Dr. Kirkland being absent there was no Bib. class. Dr. Alexander made a S.S. talk. His affectation bored me and others to an insufferable degree. No doubt he is sincere and honest in what he says. No doubt he is an intelligent and clear expositor of the Scripture lessons. No doubt he is an amiable man. But his affectation in his delivery is distressing.
3
After dinner, with Spencer went to the Elm Str. Ch. to hear an Indian's speech. But he was not an Indian. He had been when 1 1/2 yrs. old, taken by the Indians and brought up by them. From this fact, though he is a white, he is in the fullest sympathy with the red. He said that the three primary lessons an Indian child learns are 1. swimming, 2. tomahawking, 3. hating the white.
4
Read an article in the Advocate about Dr. Kelly's case. This suggested to my mind the question: Is it right for a pastor to be engaged in politics? I answer: It is lawful but not expedient. For:
5
1. The business and duty of a pastor are distinct from those of a politician. The latter seeks to promote the external welfare of the Society; the former seeks to elevate the morals and enlighten the conscience of the people.
6
2. Thus we see that a pastor has enough to occupy his time and energy without going into other's spheres of work.
7
3. Besides, when a man gives his thoughts to two different lines of business, that one is sure to get the upper hand which comes nearest to his immediate, visible, tangible and temporal interest, thought the other is of more importance in future. This is the reason why men are more active and earnest in gathering silver and gold than in getting religion. So, when a pastor is engaged in preaching and politics at the same time it is ten to one that the more exciting part of his double duty will engross his thoughts and time to the utter or partial neglect of the other part. In other words, he will be more interested in politics than in preaching.
8
Therefore, I say, a preacher should avoid being entangled in politics. Should he, from personal conviction or taste or circumstances, enter into politics, let him resign the spiritual charge. "No man can serve two masters."
 

8. 12월 8일 (음 10월 27일)

1
8th. (27th). Monday. Cloudy and cold.
 
2
Recit. usual.
 

9. 12월 9일 (음 10월 28일)

1
9th. (28th). Tuesday. Cloudy most of the day with a brief sunshine in the p.m. The coldest day we have had yet.
 
2
Recitation usual.
 

10. 12월 10일 (음 10월 29일)

1
10th. (29th). Wednesday. Bright and cold.
 
2
Recit. usual.
 

11. 12월 11일 (음 10월 30일)

1
11th. (30th). Thursday. Cloudy most of the day, not very cold.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Every night as soon as the boys come out from the evening devotion they disgrace themselves with such racket, such shout, such disorderly howling and such noisy and mobbish singing that the unbelieving element of the Hall (Rice, Walker, etc.) is, in a great measure justifiable in speaking about theologues with the highest contempt.
 

12. 12월 12일 (음 11월 1일)

1
12th. (1st of 11th Moon). Friday. Bright and cold.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
This morning, Dr. Martin in the recit. room lamented the gross materialism of America. "The American can produce a machine that is a wonder; but can not produce a painting or a sculpture that inspires the soul." He went on to say that it is a very hopeful sign of time that many Christian millionairs give large sums of money for the establishment of institutions of learning.
4
In this connection I may add that the American rush after material prosperity to the comparative neglect of spiritual culture-esthetic and intellectual-is a necessary, unavoidable evil arising from the vast resources there are for material wealth. When the vacuum in real estates, in mines, in manufacture becomes filled, then the intellect, talents, attention and energy of the nation will be directed to the culture of what Dr. Martin terms spiritual gifts.
 

13. 12월 13일 (음 11월 2일)

1
13th. (2nd). Saturday. Bright and cold.
 
2
Recit. and Society attendance as usual.
3
This morning at the table, Rice, in his characteristic nasal tone, said that "if the ministers of gospel" could do nothing better than making racket in midnight-here I could not catch his words. While I was wondering what he referred to, Walker. with his characteristic sharpness said, "I have never had so low an opinion about preachers as I have now. Before I came here, when I heard a preacher, I wondered what kind of fellow he had been in his seminary. But seeing what fools they are in the school. I have lost all respect for preachers."
4
All these bitter comments on theologues, I found out, were caused by a most shameful, disorderly racket some of the boys set up last night between 11:15 and 1:30. Yoshioka said he could not sleep.
5
Undoubtedly Walker's censure is too harsh and too sweeping. Too harsh. because, he ought to remember that preachers are also flesh and blood. Too sweeping, because all theologues ought not to be embraced in one condemnation on account of the follies of a few. While this is true, is a theologues excusable in disorderly behavior immediately after evening devotions or in disturbing the rest of others by mid-night clamors? If there is no sin, there is a great deal of foolishness, in this.
6
So stung by the reproaches made on the theologues, I went round to several boys telling them that this scandalous conduct of the ministers ought to be stopped. My arguments were as follows:
7
1. All things are lawful, but all things are not expedient. There is no sin in fun-if howling and clamoring after prayers and in midnight may be called a fun-but if that fun causes scandal among the outsiders and thus impairs the influence of a preacher, the fun ought to be stopped.
8
2. When outsiders come to W.H. they expect to see us behave better than the West Side boys. If we behave as disorderly as those who do not pretend religion, the outsiders are justified in taking us worse than others.
9
3. The disorderly conduct of the theologues can not be suppressed by authority. Authority tried that, but miserably failed. There must, then, be higher sense of propriety among the boys in order to stop the scandal.
10
I saw 7 boys: 5 of them agreed with me. One said that we can not please everybody. Another answered that if college boys kept their mouths shut they would die.
11
The more I think about the inconsistency of human nature the more I am convinced that infidelism is a great purifier of the Christian Church. It is pity that all do not believe and be saved. But if sin must exist, it is far better that it should manifest itself in infidelism than in hypocrisy or in careless or corrupt believism. Now, the presence of Walker and Rice in the Hall does or ought to do more good in keeping the boys watchful and thoughtful than volumes of sermons. If the boys go on without reference to the jealous watchings and uncompromizing criticism of the unbelievers, all the more pity. It would be a shame that a man preparing for the ministry should be careless whether he is offending anybody or not. A minister, as far as he is able, ought to be all things to all men in order to save some.
12
After 7:30 in the night. with Spencer went to see Mrs. Hoss. Dr. Hoss was at home, made our visit very delightful. Dr. H. suggested 2 other reasons, in addition to mine, why a preacher should not be entangled with politics:
13
1. By taking side with one political party, he (a preacher) antagonizes another party in the community. and thus cripples his influence for good.
14
2. The interest of the Kingdom of Christ can not, and must not, be identified with the interest of a party.
15
Came home at 9:30.
 

14. 12월 14일 (음 11월 3일)

1
14th. (3rd). Sunday. Bright and cold.
 
2
Attended the W.E. S.S Then went to a Christian church and heard a fine sermon.
3
At 7:30 p.m. with Dr. Tillet went to Dr. Price's school where I was invited to make a speech on Corea to the young ladies M.S. In conclusion I said:
4
"Your society has its representatives in different miss. fields.
5
Yet I do not ask any of you to go to Corea. This I ask for two reasons. 1) . I have no right to ask you or anybody else to leave friends, happy homes and a land full of comforts and luxury-I have no right to ask you to make so much sacrifice in order to live and labor among a people more or less hostile to Christianity, and in a land just now spelling the A.B.C. of civilization. 2) . A missionary who goes to a foreign field by the persuation of men, as a rule, come back, when the novelty and romance of a miss. trip wear out, by the persuation of men. This generally does more harm to the miss. cause than almost anything else.
6
"This being my conviction, I shall never ask anybody to go to Corea as a missonary. Yet, should any of you feel called to work for the elevation of the moral and religious condition of the women in Coreas-hould any of you, it may be years hence, go to Corea as a missionary, you shall have my heartiest gratitude and sympathy and prayer and service if I then be in a position to render you any help."
7
I have never told more down-right truth than expressed in the foregoing lines.
 

15. 12월 15일 (음 11월 4일)

1
15th. (4th). Monday. Bright in a.m. Cloudy in p.m.
 
2
Recit. usual.
 

16. 12월 16일 (음 11월 5일)

1
16th. (5th). Tuesday. Gloomy and cold with occasional showers. Rained quite in earnest in the night.
 
2
Recit. usual.
 

17. 12월 17일 (음 11월 6일)

1
17th. (6th). Wednesday. Gloomy and very cold.
 
2
Recit. usual.
 

18. 12월 18일 (음 11월 7일)

1
18th. (7th). Thursday. Bright and pleasant.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Wandering thoughts:
4
1. The laziness of a theologue is quite proverbial in the University. Why is this? Is he In any respect inferior to literary students-in intelligence or perseverance? No! I account for this proverbial laziness of theologues, as a class, by the fact that their studies are generally very dry. I cannot blame a young fellow if he isn't over much fond of systematic theology or Hebrew roots.
5
2. In the "Resolutions of Respect" of the Biblical Department in honor of Frank Jones the words, "our tender est love and highest admiration for our departed brother". are found. Here I do not find any fault with the word "love or "admiration". But I do say that the words "tenderest" and "highest" are an abuse of superlatives. Why? Because: 1st. If the framers of this resolution were asked whether or not they loved Frank as their father or mother or sister, they would have answered No. I know, when Frank lived in flesh and blood, they did not love him with the tenderest love. Now, I ask, if they wished to express their love for their mother, what stronger word than "tenderest" could they have used? 2nd. If the framers of this resolution were asked whether or not they admired Frank as they would Washington, or Wesley or Gladstone they would have answered No. I know, when Frank lived in flesh and blood, they did not admire him with the highest admiration. Now, I ask, if they wished to express their admiration for Washington or Wesley, what stronger word than "highest" could they have used?
6
Therefore, I say, these superlatives have been abused, because they have a great deal sound but very little sense in this "Resolutions."To eulogize our friend is good but to use vain praising is wrong. To praise a dead friend is harmless, but to abuse a living word is unwise. Disloyalty to words means disloyalty to thoughts.
 

19. 12월 19일 (음 11월 8일)

1
19th. (8th). Friday. Bright and cold.
 
2
Recit. usual.
 

20. 12월 20일 (음 11월 9일)

1
20th. (9th). Saturday. Cloudy all day long and windy in the night.
 
2
Recit. and Society attendance as usual.
3
Tonight I led the class meeting-the first time I ever tried anything of this sort.
 

21. 12월 21일 (음 11월 10일)

1
21st. (10th). Sunday. Cloudy, very unpleasant, neither hot nor cold.
 
2
Attended the W.E. S.S. and the morning service in a Baptist Ch. After dinner went to the Pen. S.S as usual.
 

22. 12월 22일 (음 11월 11일)

1
22nd. (11th). Monday. Cloudy most of the day. Bright and cold in the night.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
Xmas entertainment of W.H. came off in the night. Began from 9 till 12. There were about 40 young ladies present. Excepting the disturbance produced by the serenade of the West Side boys, the entertainment proved a success.
 

23. 12월 23일 (음 11월 12일)

1
23rd. (12th). Tuesday. A beautiful day, specially in the morning.
 
2
Recit. usual.
3
This morning Dr. Garland severely censured the rude serenaders of last night. He said that they infringed the right of others, violated the law of courtesy to ladies and disturbed the rest of the sick in the campus.
4
The Xmas holidays began from 4 p.m.
5
In the night, in company of several boys! went to Dr. Alexander's house; spent about 2 hrs in conversation, and came back at 10:30
 

24. 12월 24일 (음 11월 13일)

1
24th. (13th). Wednesday. Cloudy most of the day-rained in the night.
 
2
With several of the boys, supped at Dr. Tillet's. Mrs. Wilson, the mother of N.H.D. Wilson, was present. Kind nature, unpretentious refinement and, above all, motherliness characterized her whole carriage. Her presence reminded me of my mother so much.
3
The serenade of some of the Hall boys broke up my rest very badly. It is a pity that Dr. Garland's remarks have so little effect on even theologues. Besides, such disorderly conduct of young ministers on Xmas eve is, to my opinion, decidedly out of place.
 

25. 12월 25일 (음 11월 14일)

1
25th. (14th). Thursday. Rained all day long.
 
2
Spent the whole a.m. in conversing with Yoshioka. He told me the details of his love affair which culminated in his marriage It interests me to observe the pleasure and delight with which everyone likes to dwell on his biography, specially on love affairs. Wrote to Hal and Kong. My longing for my mother stayed with me all day long
 

26. 12월 26일 (음 11월 15일)

1
26th. (15th). Friday. Gloomy and very cold all day long. Thermome ter 0°c.
 
2
Intended to go down to town; but Tomita and Yoshioka came and kept me in my room all the morning. Money and how to get money are the never-ending theme of Tomita.
3
At 1, with Yosh. and Tomita, dined at Dr. Garland's. The unimpaired power of the senses of Dr. Garland at the age of 81, is very remarkable.
4
After dinner, went down to town to buy Xmas cards for Mrs. Garland and Simmie.
 

27. 12월 27일 (음 11월 16일)

1
27th. (16th). Saturday. Bright and biting cold day and night.
 
2
From 8 p.m. went with Jamison to a widow's house to "sit up" by the bed side of her sick boy. Came back at 2.
 

28. 12월 28일 (음 11월 17일)

1
28th. (17th). Sunday. Bright and cold-lovely weather in p.m.
 
2
Slept until 1:30 p.m.
3
Went to the Pen. S.S. as usual.
4
From about 9:30 in the night, Yoshioka came to my room and talked until 1. The dangerous character of secret temptations, the weakness of pure morality, the liability to fall at any time-these were the leading topics of our conversation. Yosh. said that I was destined to be a politician and not a preacher! Let us see-in time.
 

29. 12월 29일 (음 11월 18일)

1
29th. (18th). Monday. Bright and pleasant.
 
2
At 3 p.m. with Jordan called on Dr. Hoss. Borrowed a book on the Jews. The cruel persecution which the Jews suffered at the hand of Christians in European countries excited my indignation and gave rise to following thoughts:
3
1. Persecution is the child of pride and selfishness. Is it not an arrant pride to insist that everyone must believe as we believe? Is it not selfishness unqualified to admit no salvation except thro our own creed? It is all right to preach what we believe to be true, and to live what we preach; but to force anybody into our belief is down-right tyranny.
4
2. Persecution is not the vice of any one sect or any one party, or any one nation or any one race, but the vice of all sects, all parties, all nations and of all races. It is not the attendant evil of any one religion but of all religions. It is therefore foolish to think any sect or party worse than another simply because it persecutes. If the latter were in power, it would have persecuted the former.
 

30. 12월 30일 (음 11월 19일)

1
30th. (19th). Tuesday. Foggy all the a.m. Gloomy and cold all the day. Rained in the night.
 
2
Spent most of the day in writing a essay on the Jew in the Drama.
 

31. 12월 31일 (음 11월 20일)

1
31st. (20th). Wednesday. Rained most of the day. Wind-specially in the night.
 
2
Spent most of the day in writing on the Jew.
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