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◈ 윤치호일기 (1890년) ◈

◇ 8월 ◇

해설목차  1권  2권  3권  4권  5권  6권  7권  8권 9권  10권  11권  12권  윤치호

1. 8월 1일 (음 6월 16일)

1
1st. (16th). Friday. Cloudy. Thunderstorm at noon.
 
2
Took a morning walk through the woods.
3
Wrote to Dr. Hoss. In speaking about my host and hostess said I "Both are of advanced age, though they married only a few weeks ago. Their union seems to have been dictated by the steady voice of reason and not by the capricious command of passion.
4
"The home is characterized by 5 C's: it is cool, comfortable, cheap, clean, Christian."
 

2. 8월 2일 (음 6월 17일)

1
2nd. (17th). Saturday. Fair and hot.
 
2
Early in the morning, with H. Peoples to his home. Met his mother and sister. Unaffected simplicity-and courtesy pervades the manner of every member of the house.
3
Went into an orchard with Edger, the youngest Peoples and gathered a handkerchiefful of red apples. Came back to my place-with Edger and ate the apples.
4
This morning, before the gate of People's House picked up a rude stick with its root. With a few touches the root assumed the shape of a bird. I polished the stick and cut the names of the youngest children, Annie and Edger, of the Peoples family, on the head.
 

3. 8월 3일 (음 6월 18일)

1
3rd (18th). Sunday. Fair and hot, very hot.
 
2
This morning went to People's house. Saw all the members of the family-the mother, her four boys, and three girls; the father and the eldest daughter are absent.
3
The old lady spoke very strongly against admitting the negro to public places-railroad cars, theaters, parks, hotels etc. etc-with the white Her eldest son, a teacher in Webs School, seemed to be very liberal in his opinion in regard to the negro question.
4
In the afternoon, 3 p.m. went to a neighboring church with peoples to attend a S.S There was a good crowd of boys and girls. The service opened with a song-then a prayer-then lesson-then the calling of roll in which everyone, as he or she was called, gave a short Scripture verse-then an essay on a Biblical character-then a song-then the dismissal.
5
I have fully realized the importance of a church specially in country. There people come together in social and religious communion, to interchange views, to spread culture and refinement of the more educated into the homes of the ignorant and to learn the important lesson that in the house of God those who have many cattle, large cornfield and fine horses are on a level with the poor.
6
H. Peoples took supper with me. In conversation he said that out of some 300 families hereabout only a few-not more than 4 or 5-have sent their children to colleges. That the great majority of the country folks do not believe in education and that they ridicule those as fools who educate children.
7
Peoples slept with me.
 

4. 8월 4일 (음 6월 19일)

1
4th. (19th). Monday. Fair and hot.
 
2
Soon after breakfast-at 5:30, went into the woods and there read David Copperfield until the young folks of the Peoples family came up on their way to school. I carried Miss Maggie's schoolbag and her little sister's to the school. The principal of the school is Miss Janie, the 2nd daughter of Mrs. Peoples. My friend R. H. Peoples is his sister's assistant.
3
After having seen the boys and girls gathered in the school room. went down to the cave near the school. The spring from inside the cave is very cool. The air in the cave is so cold that even in a hot day it is hard to stay there very long.
4
Spent some 3 hours in reading David Copperfield near the cave and came home about 11:45.
5
From 3:45 again went out into the woods looking for a cool place. Finding none, walked on toward the school-the school has a strange attraction for me!-until a cool shady place under a few beech was found. Here sitting on a pile of planks wrote this last page of this volume.
6
While my hand is busy with these words my heart is really in the school room.
 

5. 8월 5일 (음 6월 20일)

1
5th. (20th). Tuesday. (Sixth Moon, 20th, 498). Fair and hot. A short but vigorous shower in the p.m.
 
2
Read David Copperfield.
3
This evening Miss Minerva, as usual, carried an earthen jug of three gal. under her right arm with several tin cans in the other hand. I, thinking the jug empty, offered to carry it for her. My amazement may easier be imagined than expressed. The jug was full of butter milk. It required the utmost exertion of all my strength with both hands to carry the vessel to the spring. Yet I had to rest once. I might have stopped two, three times more to recover my strength had not shame compelled me to carry the jug without further rest. I admire the strength of a lady of 50 or more years, who can carry such a heavy thing under one arm up and down a steep hill as easily as I can an empty pint bottle.
 

6. 8월 6일 (음 6월 21일)

1
6th. (21st). Wednesday. Cloudy, a thunder storm from 11:30 to 2 p.m.
 
2
At 3:30 went to Peoples' school and then with peoples and his sister, Miss Janie, went to Miss Doakie Craig's. The house of this lady is, like all other farm cottages, surrounded by cornfields and trees. Her orchards yield excellent apples and other fruits.
3
Miss Doakie has very pleasant face and sweet expression. Her sisters, Misses Genie and Mattie are very pretty. After supper, most of the Craigs parents and children-gathered in the parlor. The ladies played and sang, talked and laughed-pretty creatures they were. Slept with H. Peoples on a bed in the parlor. Received letters from Dr. Allen. Dr. Hashimoto and others this afternoon.
 

7. 8월 7일 (음 6월 22일)

1
7th. (22d). Thursday. Cloudy and hot.
 
2
Breakfasted at Miss Doakie's at 7:30. Came back to my lodging by about 10:30.
 

8. 8월 8일 (음 6월 23일)

1
8th. (23d). Friday. Fair and hot. A short shower in the afternoon.
 
2
At 8:30 with Mr. Irvin went to Columbia-reached there about 10:30. Nothing much to be seen in this young but growing town. Dined at the jail-keeper's house. Started back at 2:30-reached home 4:30.
 

9. 8월 9일 (음 6월 24일)

1
9th. (24th). Saturday. Fair and hot-very.
 
2
Spent the greater part of the a.m. under the cool shade of a large tree in reading David Copperfield. Read D.C. most of the p.m.
3
Received a letter from Mrs. Hoss. She said "I do wish you to know and feel Mr. Hoss and I are sincerely your friends and will aid you in any possible way through your course".
4
A letter from Dr. C.K. Marshall of Suchow.
5
Finished D.C. in the night. It is one of the best novels I have read. Little too long, thought.
 

10. 8월 10일 (음 6월 25일)

1
10th. (25th). Sunday. Cloudy and rainy in the a.m. Sunshine in the evening.
 
2
Too muddy to go to Church-3 miles off. Answered Mrs. Hoss thus;
3
"I would have been glad enough to get a letter from the Dr. but one from you-well, I welcomed it with almost as much enthusiasm as if it were from my mother.
4
"You said something about coming up here. This, I fear, is too good to be true. I am strongly tempted to tell some lies in favor of this place, if that would induce you to come. But honesty is best policy. So I shall say nothing but truth in what follows.
5
"The house is a frame one neatly painted. It has 2 stories and 6 rooms. Now, multiply these two figures (2×6) one by the other, and you have the number of the beds. Three rooms are carpeted.
6
"The yard is full of grass as 'an egg is of meat.' There are several trees in the yard as spare-looking as myself. Beyond the house, you see nothing but cornfields, thick woods, pasture. Silence is seldom broken by any worldly ntruders.
 
7
* * *
 
8
"A word for the daily fare:
9
"Breakfast-5:30 a.m.
10
"Cabbage, bacon, biscuits, butter, apple pie, sugar, syrup, coffee, milk, sweet and butter. Dinner-11:30 a.m.
11
"Almost ditto.
12
"Supper-with lamplight.
13
"Almost ditto.
14
"Eggs and chickens are oftener used than in W. Hall. Knives and forks do their respective work well, though they need some white washing.
15
"So much for the place. After I had read your letter I gave that part of it which refers to the terms to the host and hostess. They considered the matter long-12 hours-and this morning they came to the conclusion that they could conclude nothing. They only said that they were willing to have you; that they would let you first tell what you would give per month; that they are poor and homely folks; that they might find you hard to please.
 
16
* * *
 
17
"Ever since I came to Vanderbilt I have known and felt you and Dr. Hoss to be my sincere friends. If heartfelt gratitude alone can, in an measure, repay kindnesses received, you have mine-a lasting one. More than this I would not say. My professions may sound insincere without adequately expressing my grateful feeling toward you and the Dr.
18
"After vacation had set in I received10 from the W.B.M. for a translation. A lady sent me 35. Made13 by bookagency and by selling a set of books I had. Borrowed some from Mr. Marshall.
19
"Thus you see, I have had money enough during this vacation to buy clothes, pay board, and defray sundry expenses.
20
"I feel grateful for these almost miraculous supplies, but I can not be proud of them: I have not worked for them.
21
"For all the kindnesses you have done me, for all the kindnesses you are ready to do me
22
I subscribe myself
23
Yours most sincerely indebted
24
T. H. Y.
25
P.S.
26
"You need not fear my marrying too soon. That is an event very, very, very, far off. So much to be gone through, before this event may come to pass!"
 
27
Spent the later part of the evening at Peoples'. Miss Janie is a very thoughtful young lady-I like her.
 

11. 8월 11일 (음 6월 26일)

1
11th. (26th). Monday. Fair and very cool.
 
2
In the morning went to Miss Genie Craig's to ask her to draw or paint something for me in my album. She promised to do so, if she could.
3
She is so pretty (I think) so modest that it is simply impossible not to love her. I gave her the greater part of my stamp collection including a Corean stamp-one of the only two I have! The beautiful firms she gave me by her own hand shall always be among my valued possessions.
4
Ate some dinner-two biscuits and 1 apple in the school room with Peoples and his sisters. Then came home.
5
Felt ill all day long-I had not good sleep last night.
 

12. 8월 12일 (음 6월 27일)

1
12th. (27th). Tuesday. Cold in the morning. A very fine autumm day.
 
2
Felt very ill all the a.m. Had to take a nap from 9:30 to 11.
3
Read Gibbon.
 

13. 8월 13일 (음 6월 28일)

1
13th. (28th). Wednesday. Cloudy all day long-cool.
 
2
For the past few days I have contracted the habit of waking between 2 and 4 in the morning. This sleeplessness has been the cause of my uncomfortable state of health for the few days past.
3
Answered Dr. Allen. In replying his question about my plans I said:
4
"You ask what my plans are. I have two, one simple, and the other, I fear, never to be realized.
5
"The latter is that I shall be glad, when I be through with my theology, to devote a year or so to ordinary academic studies in a smaller college. Vanderbilt is too high for me in this respect.
6
"Since, however, this can hardly be done, I shall-the more practicable plan is-go back to Shanghai. Not that I love China, but gratitude constrains me to work for and in the service of the ChinaMission which has done so much for me. Of course I like to go back to my native country and work there. But I don't think I can safely do so as long as my father is an exile and the government remains our enemy."
 

14. 8월 14일 (음 6월 29일)

1
14th. (29th). Thursday. Cool.
 
2
Red Gibbon.
 

15. 8월 15일 (음 7월 1일)

1
15th. (1st of 7th Moon). Friday. Cloudy.
 
2
Read Gibbon.
 

16. 8월 16일 (음 7월 2일)

1
16th. (2nd). Saturday. Fair and hot.
 
2
Wrote to Prof. W.B. Bonnell. With R.H. Peoples went to Hopewell Church to hear Mr. Orr, an evangelist preacher.
 

17. 8월 17일 (음 7월 3일)

1
17th. (3rd). Sunday. Fair and hot.
 
2
Attended Hopewell Church at 11 a.m. and again at 8 p.m.
 

18. 8월 18일 (음 7월 4일)

1
18th. (4th). Monday. Fair and hot.
 
2
Took dinner with me to the Cave and there read until 10:30. Then attended Mr. Orr's meeting. He preached a very pointed and practical sermon specially to church members denouncing backbiting and hypocrisy and insisting on charitable feeling and sympathy for our neighbors. From 4 p.m. went to Mr. Maxwell's ground to play croquet with his daughters. Came home late and again went to the meeting. Came back at 11 p.m.
 

19. 8월 19일 (음 7월 5일)

1
19th. (5th). Tuesday. Fair and hot.
 
2
At 10:30 attended Mr. Orr's meeting. Stayed near the Cave until 4:30. Then played croquet on Mr. Maxwell's ground. Attended the night meeting as usual.
 

20. 8월 20일 (음 7월 6일)

1
20th. (6th). Wednesday. Fair and hot.
 
2
Attended the meetings morning and evening as usual. The service ended tonight.
3
Thank God: I have been profitted by the very earnest and straight forward sermons of Mr. Orr.
 

21. 8월 21일 (음 7월 7일)

1
21st. (7th). Thursday. Cloudy, but windy and cool. Rained from 2 to 4 p.m.
 
2
Read Gibbon part of the time.
 

22. 8월 22일 (음 7월 8일)

1
22nd. (8th). Friday. Fair and hot.
 
2
In the morning carried Miss Maggier's schoolbag for her.
3
From 2 p.m. till 5 helped Mr. Irvin making cider. As I paced up and down the lane close by the house the virgin moon shone, stars twinkled, streamlet sparkled, wind whistled and the silence of a rural night calmly rested on the encircling woods. No wonder that the memory should carry me back to the childhood scenes of my country home. By the way, when I rambled about my native hills, ignorant of the world and its changes, whoever thought. whoever dreamed that, one day or rather one night, I should meditate on my childhood among the woods of Tennessee?
4
Many and serious have been the vicissitudes of my domestic and personal affairs during the past 10 years. Who can now tell, under what circumstances, among what scenes, with what sentiments, I may. this night ten years hence, (if I live) reflect on my present circumstances, scenes and sentiments? Oh, impenetrable future!
 

23. 8월 23일 (음 7월 9일)

1
23d. (9th). Saturday. Fair and very cool in the a.m. A very pleasant day.
 
2
About 5 in the evening called on Miss Doakie and her sister Miss Genie. The latter gave me a pin cushion of her own made and painting. I wish I were one of her finger rings! So that I might be with her always.
3
Received a letter from Dr. Baskerville. Also from Bell and Henry.
 

24. 8월 24일 (음 7월 10일)

1
24th. (10th). Sunday. Fair and warm.
 
2
At 10:30 went to Bigbyville Meth. Ch. Revival services began in that church today, will continue 2 weeks.
3
After supper attended the Meth. meeting and came home at 10 p.m.
 

25. 8월 25일 (음 7월 11일)

1
25th. (11th). Monday. Cloudy in the a.m. Rained from 8 a.m. till p.m.
 
2
Read Gibbon in the a.m.
3
After dinner took a nap. The loss of sleep every morning between 2 and daylight for the past two weeks affects my health materially.
 

26. 8월 26일 (음 7월 12일)

1
26th. (12th). Tuesday. Cloudy most part of the day-very disagreeably warm.
 
2
Read Gibbon.
3
Spent about an hour and half after supper in pensive contemplation on the rapid changes of life and the apparent permanency of the moon and stars and sun.
 

27. 8월 27일 (음 7월 13일)

1
27th. (13th). Wednesday. Cloudy and cool all day long.
 
2
Read Gibbon. My wandering thoughts:
3
1. Faith abused produces superstition, reason abused begets scepticism, passion abused generates sin.
4
2. A sceptic sacrifices faith to reason, reason to passion.
5
3. A philosopher is one who corrects the errors of faith by reason, curbs the pride of reason by faith and controls his passions by the united strength of faith and reason.
 

28. 8월 28일 (음 7월 14일)

1
28th. (14th). Thursday. Rained the greater part of last night and this morning, cloudy all day.
 
2
Read Gibbon.
 

29. 8월 29일 (음 7월 15일)

1
29th. (15th). Friday. fair and warm.
 
2
At 11 a.m. attended the Bigbyville meeting. This morning the preacher in reproving the lukewarmness of the Church members said that the lethargy of people influences a pastor just as much as the indifference of the latter affects the former. Quite true: As the people are, so the pastor is.
 

30. 8월 30일 (음 7월 16일)

1
30th. (16th). Saturday. Fair and hot.
 
2
At 9 a.m. with Mr. Irvin's folks went to the "Stock-show." Quite a large crowd was there. Came home at 4:30 p.m.
3
Supped with Hal Peoples.
 

31. 8월 31일 (음 7월 17일)

1
31st. (17th). Sunday. Fair and hot.
 
2
Attended the service at McCain's Church-a Cumberland Presbyterian sanctuary.
3
After supper went to Hopewell Church to hear Mr. Orr once more.
4
A beautiful night-a full moon and a deep silence.
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