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◈ 윤치호일기 (1895년) ◈

◇ 11월 ◇

해설목차  1권  2권  3권  4권  5권  6권  7권  8권 9권  윤치호

1. 11월 6일

1
6th. (20th of 9th Moon). Wednesday.
 
2
Collections and recollections.
3
1. It snowed last Saturday night.
4
2. Yu Kil Chun desiring to see me this morning I called on him at his office. To my surprise he went into his version of the last trouble in the Palace. He said that it was very unfair on the part of Foreigners to suspect him or the Prime Minister of being implicated in the conspiracy. That he did not know anything of the trouble until it broke out. That he opposed the degradation of Her Majesty. That he induced the Japanese minister to scare away 禹範善, 李斗璜 from the Palace a few days ago. He asked me to publish his innocence to Foreigners.
5
3. Yu told me that 柳赫魯, 鄭南敎, 李周會 were the principal actors in the murder. All these ran away somedays ago.
6
4. Yu and his party having made 禹, 柳, 鄭, 李 etc., to run away seem trying to throw all the blame on them. I am afraid that Yu and Sugimura were the originators of the plot―so far as I can guess under the light I have now.
7
5. Catholic priests and his converts behave themselves most outrageously in Wonsan and Anpeon (安邊) . Poor Coreans, squeezed to death by their officers join the Catholic church for protection. Secure in their position under the shelter of the priest, the devils commit all sorts of crimes. Seeing that the native officers are unable to punish them, whole villages join the Roman church. Thus the Cathlic mission counts its converts (?) by thousands!
8
6. Yu told me that the fear of 權瀅鎭, the Chief of Police, keeps the Cabinet from restoring Her Majesty to her dignity. (?)
 

2. 11월 8일

1
8th. (22nd). Friday.
 
2
1. At his request, I called on Yu K.C. at 10 a.m. in his office. He said that by the earnest wish of His Majesty, the Cabinet is forced to recall Prince Uihua. He then desired me to write him and my cousin to return.
3
2. Yu told me that three men whom Her Majesty had plotted to kill were himself, So Kuang Pom and myself (!) I am afraid that Yu, in his gymnastics of prevarication often overdoes himself. It is pity―that a man of his ability and usefulness should distort himself by giving unchecked indulgence to lying.
4
3. Wrote to Bishop Hendrix, asking him to work for an industrial school, in Songto. Sent the Foreign Minister's letter to our Legation in Tokio concerning the support of ten new students, my cousin went with.
5
4. My father, Mr. An Kiung Soo, and General Greathouse advise me not to write to Prince Uihua. No one knows what little tricks there may be in this sudden recall. Yu told me this morning that the American legation had advised His Majesty to recall the Prince. Tonight General Greathouse writes: "Neither of them, (Mr. Sill and Dr. Allen) have advised or wish the Prince to come back to Corea." Is this another fib of Yu?
6
5. Yu told me this morning as a secret that a daughter of Kim-(金) is to be put on the Queen's throne in order to prevent anybody trying to harm the Prime Minister adn party. By the way this may be the real reason why they delay the restoration of Her Majesty to her original dignity.
7
6. A proclamation was posted on the Bell house, yesterday morning calling upon the Japanese-drilled soldiers (訓練隊) to gather in front of the Palace gate on the 25th of the present Moon for the purpose of bringing certain men in power to justice, thus clearing the soldiers from the suspicion of having murdered the Queen. The proclamation purported to have come from among the soldiers.
 

3. 11월 10일

1
10th. (24th). Sunday. A beautiful day.
 
2
Took tiffin at Mr. Takami's (高見) . He is in the employ of the Educational Department. Worshipped in the Foreign service at the M.E. Chapel.
3
So after all, it seems, Mr. Kim Yun Sik was right in saying that Americans can talk only while Russian are unable to cope with Japan. Inouye seems to support the present government with both hands and double success, while the Foreign Legations with their sentiment and talks are rapidly going down to nothingness so far as their influence is concerned. The fear of encouraging Russia in her Eastern Schemes keeps England, Germany etc. from co-operating with the Russians in their dealing properly with and toward the present government of Corea.
4
Wrote to Professor B. Bonnell and Miss Jennie (Mrs. Haden) . Also to cousin telling him, or rather, 2nd Prince, not to return yet.
 

4. 11월 13일

1
13th. (27th). Wednesday. Fine.
 
2
Today is the anniversary of my Mother's birthday. For the first time in 11 years I have the happiness of enjoying the occasion with my parents. For the first time in 20 years my sister has been able to be with us all on the occasion. Thanks to God for His providence which has thus far kept us from harm!
 

5. 11월 15일

1
15th. (29th). Friday. Beautiful.
 
2
About 8 p.m. called on Mr. 魚允中, the Minister of Finance. He came to Seoul only today. Told him such news as he desired to know and suggested that he should urge the Cabinet to publish the death of Her Majesty (1) ; to restore her to her former rank (2) ; to abolish the Departments of Education and Agriculture (3) ; and to relieve the 2nd Prince of his fool appointment.
 

6. 11월 17일

1
17th. (1st of 10th Moon). Sunday. Chemulpo. Beautiful.
 
2
Came down to Chemulpo to see Count Inouye off, who expects to go away tomorrow a.m. Japanese government has decided to support the regicidal government of Corea Foreign Governments are reported to have backed down in their attitude toward the new Ministry.
 
3
The conclusion and moral of the whole story are as follow:
4
1. Japanese government seems to be glad after all, that Her majesty was murdered thus placing the Corean government into the hands of those who will serve the Japanese interest.
5
2. Well may one tremble for the safety of His Majesty and of the Crown Prince. They and the new Cabinet can not stand together, while they are at its cruel mercy. Japan and Japanites emboldened by their success will not hesitate the murder of the King whenever that may serve their purpose.
6
3. Murder and assassination, however treacherous their nature may be, and whoever may be the victim, will be hereafter in Corea looked upon with envious admiration by outsiders and gloried in by the perpetrators. Is this the flower of the reformation and civilization which Japan came forward to introduce into Corea with drums beating and colors flying?
7
4. Japan may now congratulate herself on her success in the plot and the diplomacy; yet sooner or later she will find out the people of Corea detest her who murdered their Queen.
8
5. The Prime Mintster and Co. pretend that the degradation of her Majesty was a measure which they disapproved yet which they were compelled by 禹, 李 under swords to carry out. If so, why don't they restore her to her rank, now that the compulsory forces are gone?
 

7. 11월 20일

1
20th. (4th). Wednesday. Beautiful.
 
2
The 2nd Prince was relieved of his appointment today. General Greathouse thinks that there may be a war between Japan and Russia by next Spring. Success to Russia, then!
 

8. 11월 21일

1
21st. (5th). Thursday. Fine.
 
2
Went to the Office as usual. Was informed that an important telegram from my cousin had come to the F.O. last night, but that no one in the office was shown the contents of the dispatch. Mr. Kim did not come to the office today.
 

9. 11월 22일

1
22nd. (6th). Friday. Fine.
 
2
Mr. Yu Kil Chun came to the F.O. this morning. He told me that my cousin's telegram informed the Cabinet of the probable war between Russia and England over the Armenian trouble, and of the inability of either Russia or England to interfere with the Corean affairs, urging the government to adopt a strong foreign policy (?) ! and to abandon even the idea of restoring Her Majesty to her rightful rank (!) Mr. Yu said that he had not seen the telegram, and that Mr. Kim went and showed the message to His Majesty without having first shown it to any member of the Cabinet―even the Prime Minister.
3
Mr. Yu further informed me that his party had planned to confine T.W.K. in his house and to arrest Yi Ju Hoi 李周會 but that the Foreign Minister was foolish enough to divulge this plan to Yi Chai Mion (李載冕) who spoiled the plot by recalling the old man into the Palace.
4
Now! Now! What a fool my cousin plays in sending such telegrams! He must be out of his senses to advise the Cabinet not to restore Her Majesty to her rank. Anyhow it is almost impossible that the Foreign Minister should have shown the message to His Majesty without first consulting at least Kim Hong Chip and Yu Kil Chun. Besides my father saw them (Kim Yun Sik, Kim Hong Chip, and Yu Kil Chun) having a secret conference in Yu's room in the Home Office yesterday morning, viz., the morning after the arrival of the telegram.
 
5
Yet, what motive could Yu have in denying his having seen the message? Conjectures:
6
1. It is natural enough that the "Ins" should show the message to His Majesty in order to cut his hopes of relief from Russia and England.
7
2. Maybe that they want to poison His Majesty's mind against me.
8
3. Kim Yun Sik told me that he showed the telegram to Yi Chai Mien who gave it to His majesty and that on reading the message advising against the restoration of Her Majesty's rank, the King was very angry. If so, Yi Chai Mien must have intended to alienate His Majesty from the 2nd Prince.
 

10. 11월 25일

1
25th. (9th). Monday. Fine.
 
2
At his request, called on Mr. "Fish" (魚允中) about 10 a.m. He told me that he was going to the Palace this p.m. to receive his commission, that he might have an occasion for requesting the presence of Foreign Representatives by the order of His Majesty. He asked me get the invitations ready in proper form. On my telling him that the Foreign Representatives would not countenance any measure or step that might be in the least against His or Her Majesty, Mr. "Fish" assured me that the plan was entirely for T.M.
3
At 7 p.m., F.O. Minister called on me and we two wrote the invitations asking the Foreign Representatives in the name of the Household Minister to come to the Palace at 2 p.m. tommorrow by the order of His Majesty. Delivered the letters to the Legations myself.
 

11. 11월 26일

1
26th. (10th). Tuesday. Fine.
 
2
At 2 p.m. went to the Palace. All the Foreign Representatives present. Audience at about 2:30 p.m. I interpreted. His Majesty said to the Representatives, "We have today desired you gentlemen to come as the Cabinet wishes to borrow your influence, as it were, for the carrying out of an important measure. Hope you will be good enough to retire to Bo Hien Tang (普賢堂) and wait until we shall be pleased to see you again in course of an hour." This speech was put into the King's mouth by his brother.
3
After the Representatives retired to the waiting rooms, I took the opportunity of seeing His Majesty and the Prince fully face to face. The distressed countenance and the imprisoned condition of his Majesty so moved me that I could not help crying, seeing which His Majesty and the Prince shook their heads toward me accompanied by the motion of their hands, thus warning from indulging in my emotions.
4
The Cabinet held their meeting in the presence of His Majesty for nearly two hours. About 4:30 Kim Yun Sik brought to the Representatives the Royal Decree ordering the restoration of Her Majesty to her rank and the cancellation of all the decrees issued on the 9th of October. The Minister of T.A. informed the Representatives that Cho Hui Yon, the Minister of War, and Kwon Yong Chin, the Chief of Police well all dismissed from their offices, that Yi To Chai 李道宰 was appointed the Minister of War, while Heu Chin 許璡the Chief of Police, and that the criminals of the 8th of Oct. should be searched out and punished (?)
5
During the interview which the Representatives had with His Majesty just before they left the Palace, Messrs Sill and Waeber congratulated His Majesty on the good step he had taken and said "When the decree was out degrading Her Majesty we did not acknowledge it as coming from Your Majesty. The decree never exist for us. What never was could not be cancelled. We are glad that Your Majesty has confirmed this day our belief that the decree was not yours."
6
Afterwards, I asked His Majesty if today's measure were his own. He told me that it was done by the Cabinet and that he did not know what all this meant. ꡒ다 무슨 일인지 모르것다.ꡓ Yet he said that the restoration was a step to which he had objection. As our conversation was carried on in whisper, two eunuchs came and stood close by. Seeing which His Majesty changed the subject and said to me "Is your father up?" "Yes. Sir," answered I and came out.
 

12. 11월 27일

1
27th. (11th). Wednesday. Fine.
 
2
Went to the office as usual. About 4 p.m. my father told me for the 1st time that a certain number of Royalists were to enter the Palace tonight with the soldiers which formerly belonged to the Palace Guard for the purpose of freeing His Majesty from his present condition of danger and of bringing the murderers of Her Majesty to justice. He was to go with the party and for the purpose of protecting the King from falling into the hands of Cabinet, he desired that the Foreign representatives should be informed beforehand so that might go to the palace at a moment's notice.
3
Called on Messrs Sill and Waeber and told them to be ready to enter the Palace should anything happen there during the night. I further suggested that the number of foreigners going to the Palace as a guard should be increased tonight in order to keep His Majesty safe in his place.
4
The attacking party is to enter the present Palace via the old Palace. Yi Chai Sun (李載純) is reported to be the head of the plot and Kim Chai Poong (金在豊) one of the workers.
 

13. 11월 28일

1
28th. (12th). Thursday. Fine.
 
2
Had a very restless night. About 3:30 a.m. Kim Hua Yong 金華榮 came and waked me up and informed me that the soldiers had gone into the Palace, that Messrs Yu Kil Chun, Wo Yun Chung, Kim Hong Chip, and Chung Piong Ha had been killed, and that the soldiers having placed the Royal Quarters under their guard had sent notices to the Foreign Representatives informing them of their loyal intentions and asking them to come to the Palace for the protection of the King, from any possible danger. I then went to the American with Kim. Just as I got into the gate I heard great shouts coming from somewhere near the Palace.
3
Mr. Sill and Mr. Hillier went over to the Russian Legation. After consultation with Mr. Waeber they decided to go. By the way, before I reached the Legations, the notices from the soldiers had come and the Representatives had prepared themselves to start. So I accompanied them to the Palace. The perfect silence that reigned in and around the Palace was ominous. The front gate of the Palace was shut tight―an unlikely thing if the plan had succeeded. Well, we went on. Near the East Gate of the Palace 建春文 (?) a number of Coreans in white "Turumaki" met us and told me that the party had not been able to effect an entrance into the Palace, and that the arrival of Foreigners were anxiously looked for! My heart sunk in me. When we got near the northeast gate, we were informed that the gates could not be opened and that the Palace had not been entered by force. Hearing this, the Foreign Representatives, through me, informed the soldiers that they, the Foreign Representatives, had come in the belief that His Majesty was in danger and in need of their help, but that the Foreign Representatives could not and ought not to countenance any person or persons who attack the Palace in the night or in the daytime, whatever might be their purpose; and that the soldiers should at once disband and go home. Through one of the soldiers' messengers I sent the message. Then the Foreign Representatives returned to their Legations and I to my home.
4
When I got home my father was back. He said that when the party reached the northeast gate of the Palace by way of the old palace, the gates did not open, and the guard in the Palace was fully ready to oppose the attack. On the other hand, the attacking party become much scared. My father, being a stranger to the soldiers, they did not obey his orders. Seeing that nothing could be accomplished, he had to leave. I advised him to seek a refuge among Foreigners.
5
Intended to go to the Office; but called to the U.S. Legation by Dr. Allen. Had to open most part of the day in the Legation. With wife slept in Mr. Appenzeller's.
 

14. 11월 29일

1
29h. (13th). Friday. Fine.
 
2
Many, in fact, all my friends in Chung Dong advised me not to show myself in the streets. General Greathouse said that not knowing the Corean customs he could not advise me either one way or the other. But I decided to go to the office as usual. Saw Kim Yun Sik, and told him what my part was in the late event―of course not mentioning my knowledge of my father's implication in it. The old gentleman expressed his regret at my implication in the event, promised me his help, and suggested that I might redeem myself by playing a spy for the present "Ins." I told him I could not do that.
3
Mr. Kim informed me that 李軫鎬 Yi Chin Ho, the major whose part was to open the gates for the attacking party had long age betrayed his trust to the Cabinet, that he (Yi) had shown 4 letters from Yi Pom Chin to the "Ins" that the Cabinet was fully prepared to counteract the scheme. No wonder the plan failed!
4
Slept with father in the inner gate room of Mr. Miller's house.
5
Tens of the unfortunate party were arrested yesterday and today.
 

15. 11월 30일

1
30th. (14th). Saturday. Fine.
 
2
Went to the F.O. as usual. The men in the F.O. who used to come to me for news etc. shun me now as a poison!
3
Came to Chungdong about 4 p.m. About 6 I got the news that a number of policemen and detectives searched my house for me, that they carried away 3 of my men servants to the Central Police Station.
4
At 8 p.m. my father and Kim Hong Sik disguised in foreign costume went down to Chemulpo in foreign chairs on their way to Chefoo per a R. man of war. The R. secretary of the Legation, and officer and two R. sailors accompanied them as far as over the river. Mr. Miller and another gentleman (Russian Jew) kindly accompanied the party to Chemulpo. A few Russian sailors are to meet and escort the party some distance from this side of port. Mr. Waeber seems to be the only man who has any sense and strength among the representatives. God be merciful to my father and companion in a strange land!
5
My dear wife shows herself a brave little lady. She stays at home and keeps everybody in sense only through her courage and pluck. Brothers Bunker and Appenzeller so kindly went to see my wife and found her all right.
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